Eppo code

Eppo code DEFAULT

EPPO codes

 

A brief history

The development of this coding system was initiated by BAYER in the 1970s. In 1996, BAYER transferred to EPPO the maintenance and development of the coding system. During the 1990s/2000s, EPPO developed a dedicated interface in order to facilitate access to the codes and their associated names, which was called the EPPO Plant Protection Thesaurus (EPPT). In 2007, it was agreed to rename BAYER codes as EPPO codes. In 2014, a new web-based database (EPPO Global Database) was launched to replace EPPT.

 

Since 2014, EPPO codes can be:

 

 

General coding principles

How EPPO codes are constructed?

EPPO codes are constructed with combinations of 5 to 6 letters and, whenever possible, codes are mnemonic abbreviations of the scientific name of the organism.

  • Each taxon is represented by a unique code
  • Pests and pathogens: 6 letters = 4 (genus) + 2 (species)
  • Cultivated and wild plants: 5 letters = 3 (genus) + 2 (species)
  • Viruses and virus-like organisms: 6 letters = acronym whenever possible

 

 

EPPO codes are provided for the main steps of the taxonomic tree and coding has been harmonized for each level (e.g. all codes for families starts with 1 and ends with F). In addition, parent/child relationships have been created between each taxonomic level.

 

 

How taxonomic changes are managed?

When for taxonomic reasons a scientific name is changed, the EPPO code remains the same.

  • For example, the EPPO code GNORAB was created for the tomato leafminer when this pest was called Gnorimoschema absoluta. When its name was changed into Tuta absoluta, the code remained unchanged in the database but the associated preferred scientific name was changed into Tuta absoluta. In addition, the link (parent/child relationships) existing between the species concerned and the genus to which it belongs was updated accordingly [i.e. the species code GNORAB was linked to the genus code 1TUTAG (code for the genus Tuta), instead of the genus code 1GNORG (code for the genus Gnorimoschema)].
  • When new species are described, new codes can be created. For example, when Phytophthora pinifolia was described as a new Phytophthora species, a new code (PHYTPF) was created.

 

 

Current contents

EPPO codes have been created for more than 93 000 species (as of August 2021) that are important in agriculture and plant protection. Every year, many new codes are created (on average 4000 new codes) and revisions are made to names or taxonomic elements. In addition to taxa, the database also contains a smaller set of codes describing non-taxonomic entities that are of interest to those working in the field of plant protection products (e.g. crop groups, targets, treatments). 

  • 54 800 plant species (cultivated, wild, weeds)
  • 26 900 animal species (e.g. insects, mites, nematodes, rodents), biocontrol agents
  • 11 500 microorganism species (e.g. bacteria, phytoplasmas, fungus, viruses, viroids and virus-like)
  • 620 non-taxonomic entities (e.g. crop groups)

 

For each organism, the database provides:

  • A unique EPPO code
  • The preferred scientific name and authority
  • Synonyms and other scientific names 
  • Common names in different languages
  • Elements of taxonomy

 

 

How to download and use the EPPO codes into other IT systems?

EPPO codes are now freely available under the terms of an open data licence. New web services are being developed to facilitate the downloading of EPPO codes so that they can be used in other IT systems. Computer files (in different formats), the open data licence, and more explanations can be found in the EPPO Data Services platform.

 

 

How to request new EPPO codes to be created?

The EPPO Secretariat continues to create new codes and this service is still subject to fees. Prices, modes of payment and all other necessary tools to request new codes for taxa that are not yet included in the coding system are available via EPPO Global Database (download a practical guide).

 

For non-taxonomic entities (e.g. crop groups, pest groups) that are of particular interest to the plant protection products sector, it has been agreed that new codes will be created under the supervision of the EPPO Panel on harmonization of data on plant protection products and EPPO codes. Requests concerning non-taxonomic entities can be sent to the EPPO Secretariat by email ([email protected]).

 

 

Useful references

 

Sours: https://www.eppo.int/RESOURCES/eppo_databases/eppo_codes

An EPPO code, formerly known as a Bayer code, is an encoded identifier that is used by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO), in a system designed to uniquely identify organisms – namely plants, pests and pathogens – that are important to agriculture and crop protection. EPPO codes are a core component of a database of names, both scientific and vernacular. Although originally started by the Bayer Corporation, the official list of codes is now maintained by EPPO.

PropertyValue
dbo:abstract
  • Bayer kód je systém identifikace zemědělských plodin a jejich škůdců (včetně plevelů a chorob) jedinečným kódem pro každou entitu. Základem označení je databáze jmen, a to jak vědeckých a lidových. Bayer kód poskytuje jedinečný a neměnný symbol pro každý organismus. Systém poskytuje zjednodušený způsob zaznamenávání druhu a vyhýbá se tak mnoha problémům způsobených neustálou revizí vědeckých jmen a taxonomie, což často vede k různým synonymům a záměnám u stejného druhu. Rostliny jsou označeny kódem z pětipísmen, organismy z šesti. V mnoha případech jsou tyto kódy mnemotechnické zkratky vědeckých názvů organismu. Název je odvozen z prvních tří nebo čtyř písmen rodu a prvních dvou písmen druhů. Například kukuřice (Zea mays) je ZEAMA a původce plísně bramborové (Phytophthora infestans) PHYTIN. Ačkoli kód původně zavedl Bayer Corporation, oficiální seznam kódů je nyní udržovaný organizací EPPO (Evropská a Středozemní organizace ochrany rostlin). Nyní je tedy více znám jako kód EPPO a nahrazuje v komunikaci členů a fytopatologů nestálé a nespolehlivé české a latinské odborné vědecké pojmenování a taxonomické zařazení. (cs)
  • An EPPO code, formerly known as a Bayer code, is an encoded identifier that is used by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO), in a system designed to uniquely identify organisms – namely plants, pests and pathogens – that are important to agriculture and crop protection. EPPO codes are a core component of a database of names, both scientific and vernacular. Although originally started by the Bayer Corporation, the official list of codes is now maintained by EPPO. (en)
  • Le code OEPP, anciennement connu sous le nom de « code Bayer », est un code identificateur utilisé par l'organisation européenne et méditerranéenne pour la protection des plantes (OEPP), dans un système conçu pour identifier de manière unique les organismes importants pour l'agriculture et la protection des cultures - à savoir les plantes, les ravageurs et les agents pathogènes. Les codes OEPP sont une composante essentielle d'une base de données des noms scientifiques et vernaculaires. Bien qu'à l'origine, elle ait été créée par la société Bayer AG, la liste officielle des codes est désormais maintenue par l'OEPP. (fr)
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 5739 (xsd:nonNegativeInteger)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
dbo:wikiPageWikiLink
dbp:example
dbp:fullName
  • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization Code (en)
dbp:name
dbp:organisation
dbp:website
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
rdfs:comment
  • An EPPO code, formerly known as a Bayer code, is an encoded identifier that is used by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO), in a system designed to uniquely identify organisms – namely plants, pests and pathogens – that are important to agriculture and crop protection. EPPO codes are a core component of a database of names, both scientific and vernacular. Although originally started by the Bayer Corporation, the official list of codes is now maintained by EPPO. (en)
  • Le code OEPP, anciennement connu sous le nom de « code Bayer », est un code identificateur utilisé par l'organisation européenne et méditerranéenne pour la protection des plantes (OEPP), dans un système conçu pour identifier de manière unique les organismes importants pour l'agriculture et la protection des cultures - à savoir les plantes, les ravageurs et les agents pathogènes. Les codes OEPP sont une composante essentielle d'une base de données des noms scientifiques et vernaculaires. Bien qu'à l'origine, elle ait été créée par la société Bayer AG, la liste officielle des codes est désormais maintenue par l'OEPP. (fr)
  • Bayer kód je systém identifikace zemědělských plodin a jejich škůdců (včetně plevelů a chorob) jedinečným kódem pro každou entitu. Základem označení je databáze jmen, a to jak vědeckých a lidových. Bayer kód poskytuje jedinečný a neměnný symbol pro každý organismus. Systém poskytuje zjednodušený způsob zaznamenávání druhu a vyhýbá se tak mnoha problémům způsobených neustálou revizí vědeckých jmen a taxonomie, což často vede k různým synonymům a záměnám u stejného druhu. (cs)
rdfs:label
  • Bayer kód (cs)
  • EPPO-Code (de)
  • EPPO Code (en)
  • Code OEPP (fr)
  • EPPO 코드 (ko)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:homepage
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbo:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of
Sours: https://dbpedia.org/page/EPPO_Code
  1. Couches under 50
  2. Triggered text art
  3. Schmidt fountain pens
  4. Turner falls today
  5. Arya images

EPPO Code

An EPPO code, formerly known as a Bayer code, is an encoded identifier that is used by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO), in a system designed to uniquely identify organisms – namely plants, pests and pathogens – that are important to agriculture and crop protection. EPPO codes are a core component of a database of names, both scientific and vernacular. Although originally started by the Bayer Corporation, the official list of codes is now maintained by EPPO.[1]

EPPO code database[edit]

All codes and their associated names are included in a database (EPPO Global Database). In total, there are over 68,500 species listed in the EPPO database, including:[2]

  • 36,000 species of plants (e.g. cultivated, wild plants and weeds)
  • 24,000 species of animals (e.g. insects, mites, nematodes, rodents), biocontrol agents
  • 8,500 microorganism species (e.g. bacteria, fungi, viruses, viroids and virus-like)

Plants are identified by a five-letter code, other organisms by a six-letter one. In many cases the codes are mnemonic abbreviations of the scientific name of the organism, derived from the first three or four letters of the genus and the first two letters of the species.[3] For example, corn, or maize (Zea mays), was assigned the code "ZEAMA"; the code for potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans) is "PHYTIN". The unique and constant code for each organism provides a shorthand method of recording specie. The EPPO code avoids many of the problems caused by revisions to scientific names and taxonomy which often result in different synonyms being in use for the same species. When the taxonomy changes, the EPPO code stays the same.[3] The EPPO system is used by governmental organizations, conservation agencies, and researchers.[4][5]

Example[edit]

Taxonomic Rank Example taxon EPPO Code
KingdomAnimalia1ANIMK
 PhylumArthropoda1ARTHP
 SubphylumHexapoda1HEXAQ
 ClassInsecta1INSEC
 OrderHemiptera1HEMIO
 SuborderSternorrhyncha1STERR
 FamilyAleyrodidae1ALEYF
 GenusBemisia1BEMIG
 SpeciesBemisia tabaciBEMITA

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"EPPO Codes: view a presentation"(PDF). European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Archived from the original(PDF) on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  2. ^"EPPO Codes: a brief description"(PDF). European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Archived from the original(PDF) on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  3. ^ ab"EPPO Codes". www.eppo.int. EPPO.
  4. ^Francis, A; Warwick, S I (July 2009). "The Biology of Canadian Weeds. 142. Camelina alyssum (Mill.) Thell.; C. microcarpa Andrz. ex DC.; C. sativa (L.) Crantz". Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 89 (4): 791–810. doi:10.4141/CJPS08185.
  5. ^Mair, Wesley; Lopez-Ruiz, Francisco; Stammler, Gerd; Clark, William; Burnett, Fiona; Hollomon, Derek; Ishii, Hideo; Thind, Tarlochan S; Brown, James KM; Fraaije, Bart; Cools, Hans; Shaw, Michael; Fillinger, Sabine; Walker, Anne-Sophie; Mellado, Emilia; Schnabel, Guido; Mehl, Andreas; Oliver, Richard P (August 2016). "Proposal for a unified nomenclature for target-site mutations associated with resistance to fungicides". Pest Management Science. 72 (8): 1449–1459. doi:10.1002/ps.4301. PMC 5094580. PMID 27148866.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EPPO_Code
Instalasi VS Code - Newbee Class

In the morning Igor and I woke up earlier than the girls. They made breakfast, drove to the store for whiskey to treat their pet. We bought huge bouquets of roses and orchids (to hell with the dough, Igorek paid the dick with him) So that our pet would not. Suffer from pangs of conscience.

conscience????.

Code eppo

Sergei lifted Aunt Lena from his knees and laid her on the table, sliding the plates and wine in glasses apart. He took off his shirt, took off his pants and sat down in front of Aunt Lena's spread legs and began. To lick her.

Webinar for the EPPO Codes Users

She was beautiful. Long blonde hair fell down, covering shamelessly bare small breasts with protruding nipples. Sloping hips, firm bottom, she was so tiny and defenseless. The strong hands of a man shamelessly sharoi over her body, despite the girl's protests.

You will also like:

Do you count sex. - Sure. - Well, what of this. Oh, Lily.



1017 1018 1019 1020 1021