Asus ram overclock

Asus ram overclock DEFAULT
Installing RAM in a computer.

RAM often comes from the factory with a lower speed than the silicon is capable of. With a few minutes in your BIOS and a bit of testing, you can get your memory to run faster than the manufacturer’s specifications.

What You Need to Know Before You Begin

RAM is quite a bit more complex than CPU or GPU overclocking, where you’re merely cranking a dial and praying your fancy all-in-one watercooler doesn’t turn your system into a space heater. With RAM, there are many knobs to turn, but it’s also much safer because they don’t produce much heat.

This does have real-world benefits. Every program you use stores its working data in RAM before loading it into the CPU’s internal cache, and programs that use a lot of it can churn through RAM like butter. In games, improvements in your RAM’s overall latency can cut down on frame times significantly. This can improve overall frame rates and (most importantly) reduce stuttering during CPU-intensive areas, where new data needs to be loaded from RAM into cache or VRAM.

RAM speed is usually measured in megahertz (Mhz). DDR4 stock speed is usually 2133 Mhz or 2400 Mhz, though the real speed is actually half of that since it’s Double Data Rate (DDR). On top of this, your memory has over twenty different timings which control latency, and how fast you can read and write. These are measured in terms of clock cycles and often grouped up under the “CAS Latency (CL)” abbreviation. For example, a midrange kit of DDR4 may be rated at 3200 Mhz CL16. Improving either the speed or timings improves latency and throughput.

The memory talks to the rest of the computer using a system called Serial Presence Detect. Through this, it gives the BIOS a set of frequencies and primary timings that it can operate at, called the JEDEC specification. This is the stock speed, and it’s baked into every DDR4 stick ever made.

JEDEC timings for RAM

But, Intel found a way to cheat the system. By offering another profile on top of JEDEC, called XMP (Extreme Memory Profile), they could run RAM higher than the standard speeds. If you buy RAM that’s rated over 2400 Mhz, you’re likely getting a kit with an XMP profile you can enable. This is sanctioned, factory overclocking.

Here’s the thing though—due to several factors, that overclock usually isn’t the best, and you can push it further than the manufacturer intended.

For one, manufacturers don’t bin everything to 100%. They’ve got to price the expensive kits higher, so it’s often the case that your memory came with the XMP profile it did because of product segmentation. Your kit also operates within a certain voltage level, usually 1.350 volts for midrange DDR4, but you can turn this up a bit yourself, something manufacturers do for higher speed kits.

But the main problem is that SPD doesn’t expose every timing. According to a representative at Kingston, they “tune the ‘Primary’ timings (CL, RCD, RP, RAS) only,” and since the SPD system used to store XMP profiles has a limited set of entries, the rest is up to the motherboard to decide, which doesn’t always make the right choice. In my case, my ASUS motherboard’s “auto” settings set some strange values for some of the timings. My kit of RAM refused to run with the XMP profile out of the box until I fixed the timings myself.

How to Determine the Perfect RAM Timings

Although overclocking RAM is quite safe, it’s also a bit more complicated than merely cranking up the dial. If you’re running an AMD Ryzen system, you’re in luck, as there’s a tool called “Ryzen DRAM Calculator” that makes this whole process way easier. The calculator will take away some of the headaches of trial and error, and you won’t have to leave the RAM on your motherboard’s “AUTO” settings.

For Intel systems, this tool is still handy as a guideline for the primary timings, and the built-in memory tester will work the same way as well. You’ll want to download this too even if you’re not on an AMD system.

Open up the tool and enter in which version of Ryzen you’re on (just put in Ryzen 2 Gen if you’re on Intel) and what type of memory you have. If you don’t know, you can find it online with a Google search for your RAM kit’s part number.

Ryzen DRAM calculator

Press the purple “R – XMP” button at the bottom to load your kit’s XMP profile. Enter in your Ryzen version and memory type, and press “Calculate SAFE” to calculate your timings. You can use the “Compare Timings” button to view a comparison to your XMP settings. You’ll find that many of the timings are tightened up.

DRAM calculator

The SAFE settings will almost always work; I’ve had no issues with them at multiple frequencies at stock voltage. The FAST timings will likely work, but may not be stable at stock voltage.

To make use of this, you’ll want to save a screenshot (there’s a button on the bottom left) and send it to a separate device so you can view it while in the BIOS.

How to Overclock Your RAM in Your BIOS

Make sure you’ve got a screenshot of the calculator saved on a separate device (or written down somewhere), because the rest of the steps will be in the BIOS, without access to your desktop.

Turn off your PC and boot it back up into its BIOS or UEFI firmware setup screen. You’ll often have to press a key like “Del” repeatedly as the PC boots to access this screen. You’ll be presented with a screen similar to this one:


Find the section for memory, and load your XMP profile to start with. Make sure the frequency is what you want. If you don’t even want to touch the timings, you can likely increase the frequency while keeping the same timings (especially on Intel platforms).

There should be another section for timing control. Open this up:

ASUS BIOS DRAM timing control

Now open up the screenshot on your phone, and start entering in numbers. In my case, the order matched up with the calculator, but you’ll want to double-check and verify everything.

In my case, the ASUS BIOS displayed the full names for many of the primary timings, so here’s a list of the primary timings and their associated jargon:

  •  – Primary CAS Latency
  •  – RAS to CAS Read Delay
  •  – RAS to CAS Write Delay. This is sometimes grouped with read, though not always.
  •  – RAS Precharge (PRE) Time
  •  – RAS Active (ACT) Time

The rest should match up exactly.

For Intel, you’ll want to enter the primary timings at least, and the rest you can leave on auto. If you’d like, you can try entering the subtimings the calculator gives. I see no reason why this shouldn’t work, but can’t verify on my Ryzen system. If you have issues with automatic settings, try entering them in manually.

Once you’re done with the timings, find the section for voltage control. You’ll want to enter in the recommended DRAM voltage (the calculator displays potentially unsafe voltages in red. Anything below 1.450v is likely fine). If you’re on Ryzen, you’ll want to enter in the recommended SOC voltage, which powers the memory controller on the CPU.

Save the settings and exit the BIOS (on my PC, I have to press F10 for that). Your computer should restart, and if it boots into Windows, you can move on to the next step.

What to Do If It Doesn’t POST

If it doesn’t boot, your motherboard likely failed its power-on-self-test (POST) you’ll probably have to wait about thirty seconds for the BIOS to boot into safe mode and restore the last working settings. You can try bumping up the memory voltage in 25 millivolt (0.025v) increments before reaching the max recommended voltage. You can also try raising the SOC voltage slightly on Ryzen systems, as 1st and 2nd gen Ryzen are particularly finicky with memory overclocking. Intel doesn’t have the same SOC as Ryzen does, and will likely not have this issue anyway.

If your computer doesn’t boot into safe mode, don’t worry, you didn’t turn it into a paperweight. Your BIOS likely doesn’t have that feature, and you’ll need to clear CMOS manually. This is usually either a battery on the motherboard you can remove and reseat or a pin by the front panel headers. Consult your motherboard manual. You’ll need to take a screwdriver or a pair of scissors (ideally, they make jumpers and switches for this, but you likely don’t have those lying around) and touch the two pins together, creating an electrical connection. Don’t worry; it won’t shock you. The PC will reset back to normal.

Make Sure the Overclock is Stable

Once you’re back into Windows, the fun doesn’t stop yet. You’ll want to verify that the overclock is stable. The calculator has a tab called “MEMbench” that can be used for this. Set the mode to “custom” and the task scope to 400%. Click “Max RAM” at the bottom to allocate all of your remaining RAM. This will test your RAM for errors four times over.

MEMbench dialog

Click “Run” when you’re ready to start and give it a few minutes. In my case, testing 32 GB of RAM at 400% task scope took less than ten minutes.

If there are no errors, you can try to push the clocks further, or test out the “FAST” settings. This is all memory overclocking is; just trial and error, spamming delete, and waiting for MEMbench to finish. Some people find this kind of routine soothing.

Once you’ve worn out your Numpad and are satisfied with your results, you’ll want to do an overnight test to verify that your overclock is absolutely 100% stable. Set the task scope to something crazy high (100,000% should do) and come back to it once you wake up. If there are no errors, you can enjoy your overclock. The worst that happens if you skip this overnight step is that you may receive a bluescreen or random crash sometime down the line (which does happen with any speed of RAM from time to time, unless you have ECC memory).

Benchmark Your RAM to Verify Your Performance

If you’re particularly competitive and want to see how your RAM stacks up against the competition, you can download UserBenchmark to benchmark your whole PC, including your RAM. This will give you an overview telling you how well your system is performing. You can also use a game-specific benchmark like Unigine Superposition, though you’ll likely have to run multiple tests as the margin of error is quite high with benchmarks like these.

My results were particularly impressive; I bought a 32 GB kit of Micron E-die (known for being cheap and good at overclocking) rated at [email protected], for $130. UserBenchmark gave it a stock score of 90% speed compared to average RAM, but even tightening the timings to [email protected] gives it a 113% score, a 23% performance increase.

RAM benchmarked at 94th percentile, 113% speed

This puts the $130 Micron E-die kit on par with [email protected] kits that sell for over $250, which is quite the cost savings. These were simply my results, and your mileage will vary based on how well your memory overclocks and how your CPU handles it.


Thread: RAM at 3200 MHz or not? Issue with overclocking

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Thread: New to RAM overclocking, have some questions.

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Ryzen Memory Overclocking and Tuning Guide - ASUS X570

AMD’s third-generation Ryzen CPUs come loaded with intelligent management features that monitor a wide range of operating parameters to boost each core’s clocks as high as possible, whenever possible. Thanks to the smarts baked into the silicon, it’s easy to drop a third-gen Ryzen chip into one of our Socket AM4 motherboards and go. You’ll enjoy great out-of-the-box performance that automatically adapts to the power delivery capabilities and cooling capacity of your build. Enthusiasts are a different sort, though. We know that ardent PC DIYers want every last drop of performance from their systems. That’s why we’ve produced this Ryzen overclocking guide: to help you get the most out of your third-gen Ryzen PC.

You might wonder why you’d want to try your hand at overclocking. The answer is simple: to get more performance out of your PC, free of charge. In multithreaded apps where every second is of the essence, even modest performance increases can result in time savings that allow you to get your work done faster or do more work in the same amount of time. And extracting maximum performance from today’s competitive esports games often involves selecting and tuning the right memory kit to reach the highest RAM speeds and lowest latencies possible. 

In this guide, we’ll explore how to optimize both CPU and memory performance for your third-gen Ryzen PC through overclocking. ASUS motherboards make overclocking easy and accessible. We offer a wide range of AMD Socket AM4 motherboards tailored to a wide range of use cases, but every board comes with firmware that exposes all the settings you need to get the best performance out of your components in a logical, clearly labeled manner. Helpful descriptions of many settings ensure that you know what a potentially unfamiliar parameter affects before you adjust its value. 

To unlock the full performance potential of third-gen Ryzen CPUs, you’ll want one of our X570 motherboards. That platform is the only way to unlock the incredible bandwidth potential of the PCI Express 4.0 interconnect baked into third-gen Ryzen CPUs and the X570 chipset. You can consult our handy X570 motherboard guide to see which model is right for you, but you can rest assured that each board comes with the same award-winning and user-friendly firmware. 

Laying the ground rules

To explore the performance envelope of third-gen Ryzen CPUs and the X570 platform, I selected an ROG Crosshair VIII Hero (Wi-Fi) motherboard from our arsenal. This board boasts some of the most robust power-delivery circuitry and connectivity options you can pair with a third-gen Ryzen CPU, including an Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX200 adapter for the best performance with next-generation wireless networking hardware. Even if your parts list includes a power-hungry, high-core-count Ryzen 9 CPU, the Crosshair VIII Hero will provide that chip with the stable, reliable platform it needs to run at peak performance. 

The Crosshair VIII Hero

I paired that motherboard with a Ryzen 7 3800X, the hottest-clocked eight-core CPU in the third-gen Ryzen family so far. To explore the limits of high-refresh-rate gaming on the platform, I paired that chip with a GeForce RTX 2080 Ti graphics card. Even at 1920×1080 and ultra settings, the RTX 2080 Ti is more than demanding enough to expose any CPU bottlenecks in games. I also used two 16GB dual-channel memory kits in my testing: one a G.Skill Flare X DDR4-3200 CL14 kit to represent third-gen Ryzen’s stock memory performance, and the other a G.Skill Trident Z DDR4-3866 kit to represent an attainable yet significant boost from stock memory speeds. 

The ROG Ryujin 360 in all its glory

I topped off our Ryzen 7 3800X with an ROG Ryujin 360 closed-loop liquid CPU cooler to ensure that thermal headroom from the heatsink wasn’t a limitation in our testing. The Ryujin 360 works with Socket AM4 CPUs out of the box, and you don’t even have to set aside your motherboard’s Socket AM4 backplate to make use of it. The mounting standoffs for the cooler simply screw right into the existing backplate, making installation a snap. Beyond its sharp looks, the Ryujin 360 is primed to perform thanks to our partnership with Noctua. The cooler includes three NF-F12 iPPC fans chosen for their optimal airflow characteristics and enviable longevity.

Check yourself before you wreck yourself

Before we begin, keep in mind that even though the practice has become easier and more accessible than ever, overclocking is never 100% risk free. By operating hardware outside of its factory specifications, we are technically voiding the warranty of the CPU at a minimum. We’re also playing with parameters that have the potential to permanently damage a CPU if we’re not careful. Use common sense: increase your overclock in small, iterative steps for both frequency and voltage, keep an eye on CPU temperatures, and be sure to test stability every step of the way. 

Computers at the heart of mission-critical or safety-critical workloads should never be overclocked. Running hardware outside of factory specs may silently introduce errors that affect the accuracy of calculations or data that might be related to the preservation of life, limb, or the bottom line. We can demonstrate that a PC won’t crash under a wide range of selected workloads, but no overclock should be treated as 100% stable. Be sure to weigh the performance you might gain against the consequences of a system crash at the wrong time, like during a game stream or a long 3D or video render job. These risks are remote, but if you need 100% guaranteed stability from your PC, it’s best not to overclock.  

Ryzen to the limit

I started my overclocking expedition with the CPU. Third-generation Ryzen CPUs do offer a degree of automatic overclocking intelligence that can be enabled through AMD’s Ryzen Master utility, but using Precision Boost Overdrive and its Auto OC mode didn’t increase performance on my test bench. It seemed that Precision Boost 2 on the Ryzen 7 3800X was already taking full advantage of the beefy power delivery circuitry on the Crosshair VIII Hero and the cooling capacity offered by the ROG Ryujin 360. As a baseline, I observed 4.2 GHz all-core clock speeds from the 3800X under my Blender and Handbrake loads at stock settings.

If you’re a total newbie to overclocking, worry not: you can still join in on the fun without knowing Vcore from V-Bucks. Among its other tricks, our 5-Way Optimization utility—part of AI Suite 3 for Windows—has an automatic overclocking routine built in (thanks to our proprietary Turbo Processing Unit, or TPU) that employs the same iterative approach that seasoned tuners use. Unlike the prebaked, one-size-fits-all profiles you may find in other motherboard firmware, which might not apply optimal clock speeds or Vcore values for your setup, 5-Way Optimization can get you most of the way to an optimal overclock for your particular processor and system with the click of a button. 

The TPU auto-overclocking routine gradually increases the amount of Vcore and slowly pushes up clock speed multipliers. As the utility overclocks your CPU, it runs an intensive stress test every step of the way. If you configure it to do so (and I recommend you do), the tool can stress test using the same demanding AVX instructions that the popular Blender and Handbrake applications employ for a configurable stretch of time. Those instructions give the SIMD units in modern CPUs a thorough workout by moving lots of data around, sucking down lots of power, and generating plenty of heat.

Once a stress test fails, your system will reboot, and AI Suite will present you with the last set of parameters it found to be stable. You can then choose to apply these settings for daily use or set every CPU parameter back to its default value, all within AI Suite.

Before setting out to find the maximum stable frequency for our chip through manual overclocking, I gave the TPU a crack at the Ryzen 7 3800X. I configured the utility to use AVX instructions and run a 60-second stress test at each upward step of clock speed and voltage. Even as an experienced manual CPU overclocker, I find that running 5-Way Optimization can save me valuable time, since it handles the process of iterating upward through each step of clock speed without any hands-on supervision. Even if it doesn’t achieve the highest possible overclock from a chip, 5-Way Optimization can get us within striking distance of peak performance.

After 5-Way Optimization did its thing, my 3800X was running at 4.325GHz all-core at an observed 1.262V. To double-check the stability of these settings, I turned to ROG Realbench. Realbench uses a pre-configured collection of free applications, including the aforementioned Handbrake and Blender, to push a system to its limits using demanding workloads you’re likely to encounter in real life. Realbench makes it easy to run these applications as a stress test for long periods of time, and it has stability verification features that the apps themselves don’t. Two hours of Realbench is a good baseline for stability, and the settings that 5-Way Optimization settled on proved stable for this period. 

Assuming direct control

To extract every bit of performance from my third-gen Ryzen chip, I still had to turn to good old multiplier overclocking, where we set a straightforward all-core overclock using the CPU core multiplier. Ryzen CPUs give us 25MHz steps to work with on the primary CPU multiplier, allowing for easy fine-tuning of overclocks if a given setting doesn’t prove stable. 

Using this approach, I gradually increased all-core clock speeds and Vcore, checking for stability every step of the way using project files in Blender and Handbrake. To lock in my final settings, I ran the stress test in ROG Realbench for two hours and further tweaked Vcore to ensure stability. 

Some folks might wonder about using Prime95’s Small FFTs stress test at this stage, as it’s well known for sucking down unparalleled amounts of power and generating massive amounts of heat. To be honest, I rarely employ Prime95 as an overclocking stress test any more. Huge amounts of current flowing through a CPU at high temperatures encourages electromigration, a phenomenon that causes the electrical components inside your processor to degrade and ultimately fail. As silicon lithography processes get finer and finer, my appetite for pushing staggering amounts of current through those incredibly tiny components gets smaller and smaller.

Prime95 Small FFTs puts a load on the CPU far beyond what even Blender and Handbrake can produce, so if you choose to go for “Prime stable,” you’ll have to dial in a lower clock speed ceiling and lower Vcore values than you will for Blender and Handbrake to ensure safe operating conditions. We favor tuning a chip for the most demanding real-world applications it’s likely to encounter, and Blender and Handbrake are among the toughest practical tests around.

Avoid core meltdowns

If you’re manually overclocking, you’re probably wondering how much Vcore is “safe” for your third-gen Ryzen CPU. Rather than offering a single prescriptive Vcore value as the maximum safe voltage—something we can’t do without testing hundreds of CPUs to failure—I’ll instead offer you a way of thinking about your processor’s lifetime as a function of its operating conditions. The more you increase the Vcore (and therefore the current flowing through the CPU), the more the processor will heat up under load. High operating temperatures greatly increase the likelihood of electromigration, and as we’ve already discussed, electromigration is the nemesis of casual overclockers looking for a long-term performance boost.

The Ryzen 7 3800X chills out beneath the Ryujin 360

The cooler you can keep your overclocked processor, especially under heavy load, the less severe the effects of electromigration are likely to be over time. Since voltage is the primary factor in power (and therefore, heat) dissipation for CPUs, we want to keep Vcore as low as possible for a given overclock and as low as we can, period. Even if you find that your chip can sustain a really impressive all-core frequency, it may take a huge amount of extra Vcore from the prior “step” of frequency to keep that overclock stable. CPU temperatures at high Vcore values may be quite high under load, increasing the likelihood of electromigration. You may also find that no amount of extra voltage is enough to keep a processor stable at a given frequency, even if load temperature isn’t a limitation. Once you’re running into those sheer thermal and electrical walls, taking even a small step back on frequency and voltage may still give you a practical overclock with much lower temperatures. 

Stress-testing with Handbrake

For the Ryzen 7 3800X I have on hand, feeding even 1.4V or more into the chip wasn’t enough to make the CPU stable under my Blender and Handbrake loads at a 4.425GHz all-core clock speed. That Vcore setting pushed CPU temperatures into the mid-80º C range under those stress tests. 4.4GHz proved stable for two hours of Realbench at an indicated 1.337V, though, and CPU package temperatures topped out at about 73.5º C. You’ll note that manual overclocking only added 75 MHz to what 5-Way Optimization was able to extract, and we still needed a rather large step up in Vcore to get that last little bit of performance out of the chip.

Stress-testing with Blender

All told, 4.425GHz was the point at which we were hitting the aforementioned electrical wall, and dialing back our frequency even a tiny bit let us use a much, much lower Vcore that produced much lower CPU temperatures—both factors that would make me more comfortable using these settings over the long term. The ROG Ryujin 360 lets us maintain those temperatures with low noise levels, too, thanks to its trio of excellent and effective Noctua fans. I only measured 36.5 dBA from my test bench under a Blender load. 

Another hot topic around PC performance of late regards voltage regulator module (VRM) temperatures under heavy loads. Overheating VRM components can cause your CPU to repeatedly throttle as the VRM controller tells the CPU to slow down and let the power-delivery circuitry cool off. This throttling greatly degrades delivered CPU performance, so it’s something we want to avoid at all costs. All of our X570 motherboards use carefully designed VRMs with high-efficiency integrated power stages and massive heatsinks to prevent overheating. 

Even with an overclocked eight-core Ryzen CPU on board, the Crosshair VIII Hero’s VRM barely breaks a sweat. I didn’t observe VRM temperatures greater than 41º C during my ROG Realbench test run at 4.4GHz—and that was a torture test with no airflow of any kind on the socket, a situation that shouldn’t occur in any well-designed PC case. VRMs usually don’t begin to throttle until components reach well over 100º C, so the Crosshair VIII Hero has tons of headroom to feed the 12-core Ryzen 9 3900X and upcoming 16-core Ryzen 9 3950X. To remove all doubt about VRM stability, you can also install an ROG Ryujin liquid cooler like I did and rest easy. Both the Ryujin 240 and Ryujin 360 have a quiet integrated fan on the pump head that moves air directly over VRM, SSD, and memory heatsinks to prevent any thermal-related instability. You can tune the behavior of this fan in AI Suite’s Fan Xpert 4 utility to get the exact balance of noise and performance you want, too. 

Weighing the trade-offs

Since manually tuned Ryzen CPUs enter an OC Mode that disables Precision Boost 2 logic in favor of a fixed all-core multiplier, there’s a real concern about losing peak single-core performance when overclocking those chips. A stock Ryzen 7 3800X runs at a peak single-core clock speed of 4.5GHz. Our 4.4GHz all-core overclock traded a 2.2% decrease in peak single-core clock speed for a 4.8% increase in observed all-core clock speeds. That boost resulted in a roughly 5.4% decrease in the time it took to run my Blender benchmark and about a 4.7% decrease in total transcoding time for our Handbrake project. The JetStream 2 benchmark of single-threaded performance, on the other hand, lost just 0.9% of its score with our all-core overclock in place.

If every second matters in your productivity workloads, you might find that the small amount of extra performance you can get through all-core multiplier overclocking is worth it, but even CPU-bound games didn’t seem to benefit much from this effort on third-gen Ryzen chips. I saw practically no difference in average frame rates or 99th-percentile frame times from my game performance tests as a result of that extra all-core frequency. 

Gentlemen, start your DRAM calculators

Next, I turned my attention to my test rig’s memory subsystem. Since the speed of the Infinity Fabric on-die and on-package interconnect on Ryzen CPUs is intimately linked with memory speed, overclocked RAM can have a significant effect on system performance. 

To determine just how important RAM performance is to gamers using third-gen Ryzen CPUs, I ran through some real-world benchmarks of three games I know to be CPU-bound at high frame rates: Quake Champions, Grand Theft Auto V, and Hitman 2. By “CPU-bound,” we mean that a game’s performance is dependent on how fast the CPU can feed the graphics card work. The faster the main game code running on the CPU can tell the graphics card what to do, the higher the frame rate in these situations. With monster graphics cards like my GeForce RTX 2080 Ti, CPU performance is often the limiting factor in pushing frame rates to the max at lower resolutions.

I played through each of the three titles above at 1920×1080 and ultra settings. I recorded average frame rates and determined 99th-percentile frame rates (a value derived from 99th-percentile frame times, or the amount of time that 99% of frames took to render during our test run). 99th-percentile FPS handily describes “low” frame rates gamers are likely to observe in a title without considering the absolute worst-case frames that might have occurred only once or twice during a test run. 

You’ll recall that my hot-clocked memory of choice was a DDR4-3866 kit, courtesy of G.Skill. I had expected to see a performance increase in games with this kit after applying its baked-in XMP settings, but I was in for a shock. Applying the prebaked XMP timings and voltages for that kit via our DOCP firmware option had a surprising result: game performance actually ended up a bit worse than my baseline test runs with my DDR4-3200 kit.

Whether that regression came down to straddling the crossover between 1:1 and 1:2 dividers for our Ryzen CPU’s Infinity Fabric clock with this memory kit, or whether it came from the relatively loose timings baked into the memory’s XMP profile, I’m not sure. Whatever the cause, it wasn’t what I wanted to see from a pricey pair of RAM sticks.  

I knew from the enthusiast grapevine that tightening memory timings could have a big payoff for Ryzen performance, but I freely admit that I wouldn’t even know where to begin tweaking the dizzying range of memory sub-timings in modern motherboard firmware. 

It turns out that with AMD processors, I don’t have to. Overclocker 1usmus has developed a handy tool for the community called the DRAM Calculator for Ryzen that does all the hard work for you. Import your memory’s XMP profile and provide some basic data about your system, and the DRAM Calculator for Ryzen will suggest detailed memory sub-timings and platform settings that you can then transfer to your system’s firmware. 

There is one bit of homework you may have to do to get useful numbers out of DRAM Calculator for Ryzen. The utility needs to know the manufacturer and type of DRAM chip that’s in your particular memory kit, and if you don’t have that information readily at hand, the free version of a utility called Thaiphoon Burner can read that data. Running Burner’s EEPROM -> Read SPD subroutine on my DDR4-3866 kit confirms it’s built using vaunted Samsung B-Die memory, a favorite of RAM overclockers the world over.

I took a photo of the resulting suggestions on my ROG Phone II and got to work porting those suggestions into my test rig’s UEFI. 

Our firmware makes it simple to apply these settings, and you don’t have to waste time entering them again if you’d like to swap among memory kits or set up configurations with or without a CPU overclock. Our Profiles feature lets you save up to eight complete snapshots of BIOS settings that can be recalled at the press of a key. 

One word of warning: DRAM Calculator for Ryzen suggested running my DDR4-3866 kit at 1.45V to achieve stability with its suggested overclock. While this voltage isn’t likely to affect the longevity of the memory modules, it did get my RAM warm enough during Realbench stress testing that I felt more comfortable with a fan directed at the memory slots of the motherboard. The fan on the Ryujin 360 pump head also helped to keep air moving around the CPU socket and DIMMs. Be mindful of how much air is moving around the CPU socket in your system before pushing RAM voltages up too far, and don’t hesitate to direct airflow at your RAM if it starts getting toasty to the touch or you notice instability.

As you can see in the graphs above, applying the suggested settings from the DRAM Calculator for Ryzen produced noticeable improvements in gaming performance compared to stock memory. Each of the three games I chose as benchmarks enjoyed substantial increases in average FPS and reductions in 99th-percentile frame times. Those improvements translate directly to a smoother, more fluid gameplay experience. If you’re using a G-SYNC variable-refresh-rate monitor like the 165Hz ROG Swift PG279Q on my test bench, those boosts mean your display can run closer to its peak refresh rate, too—another direct and tangible improvement to the gameplay experience. 

As with our CPU overclock, you’ll want to ensure that your memory overclock is stable using an empirical stress test. There are a variety of memory testing tools out there that can automatically do this job for you, ranging from Windows 10’s built-in memory diagnostic to bootable disk images like Memtest86+. If your DRAM Calculator for Ryzen settings aren’t stable, 1usmus has written an in-depth guide on further tuning the utility’s suggested settings for stability.

Overclocking for fun and profit

My dive into optimizing third-gen Ryzen CPUs on the X570 platform suggests two possible paths for overclockers to follow. Fast, well-tuned memory kits produce tangible gains in performance for high-refresh-rate, CPU-bound gaming, but they don’t have meaningful effects on the vast majority of creative or productivity workloads. Productivity performance can be enhanced a bit by overclocking the CPU, but those clock speed increases don’t translate into perceptible gains in FPS in the heat of battle. You can obviously overclock both the CPU and RAM, but choosing a fast, low-latency memory kit and optimizing its sub-timings should be priority one for maximizing high-refresh-rate gaming performance.

If you choose a memory kit that goes beyond third-gen Ryzen CPUs’ stock supported speeds, you should absolutely run the DRAM Calculator for Ryzen utility and give its suggested settings a try. You may find that you get a much better high-refresh-rate gaming experience this way than through applying XMP settings alone. We’re not just talking about synthetic benchmark improvements here, either—if your game of choice is CPU-bound, the wrong memory settings might produce worse performance than a stock memory kit would. 

Folks who are constantly churning through CPU-heavy workloads, like rendering, video transcoding, or code compilation, may find that overclocking third-gen Ryzen chips delivers small but meaningful performance improvements in those tasks. If you’re saving a few seconds here or a minute there, that time will add up over hours, days, and weeks of work. 

No matter what approach you choose, you’ll find that getting the best performance out of your third-gen Ryzen CPU is a breeze on our X570 motherboards. For beginning overclockers, the automatic overclocking routine in AI Suite 3 for Windows can get you most of the way to the optimal CPU overclock with the click of a button, making it easy to dip your toe in. For manual tuning, clearly-labeled and easy-to-understand menus make finding and tweaking the right settings fast and pain-free. Up to eight full settings profiles let you store your hard-won CPU and memory overclocks in a flash, saving you time if you want to compare the performance of different configurations before settling on a final setup. And well-designed, well-cooled VRMs won’t let your CPU down in the heat of battle, whether you’re running six or sixteen cores. Optimize your ASUS-powered third-gen Ryzen PC using the steps above, and you’ll know firsthand why our motherboards are the best around.

Jeff Kampman


Overclock asus ram

How to overclock your RAM?


(1) ASUS motherboard (AMD chipset/CPU)

a. OpenD.O.C.P

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter the BIOS. Then press F7 to enter “Advanced Mode”.

ii. Press right arrow key to “Ai Tweaker”(Blue frame) and choose “Ai Overclock Tuner”(Green frame). Turn “Auto” into “D.O.C.P”(Red frame).


iii. Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing steps above.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press Delete or F2 to enter BIOS. After entering the BIOS, press F7 to enter Advanced Mode.

ii. Press right arrow key to move to Ai Tweaker. Enter Memory Frequency to set the frequency you prefer.


iii. After setting the frequency, go down to find DRAM Timing Control (red frame) and press “Enter”.


iv. Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


v. Go back to the previous page after setting the CL value. Find DRAM Voltage and fill in the voltage you want.


vi. Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.


(2) ASUS motherboard (Intel chipset/CPU)

a. Open XMP

i. Press Delete or F2 to enter BIOS. Then press F7 to enter Advanced Mode.


ii. Press right arrow key to move to Extreme Tweaker(Red frame). Then choose Ai Overclock Tuner(Green frame). Change into XMP(Blue frame) and press F10 to save the data and then leave.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press Delete or F2 to enter BIOS. Then press F7 to enter Advanced Mode.

ii. Press right arrow key to move to Extreme Tweaker and find the DRAM Frequency(Green frame) below. Choose the frequency you prefer(Blue frame) and press “Enter”.


iii. Find the DRAM Timing Control(green frame) and press enter after setting the frequency.


iv. Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


v. Go back to the previous page and find DRAM Voltage(Green frame) after setting the CL value. Fill in the voltage in the DRAM Voltage.

Dram voltage

vi. Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.


2. MSI

(1) MSI motherboard (AMD chipset/CPU)

a. OpenD.O.C.P.

i. Click “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS, and then click “F7” into advanced mode.


ii. There are 2 ways to open D.O.C.P.

(i) Click “A-XMP”(green frame), choose “2”, click F10 to save and then you can leave the page.


(ii) Enter OC(green frame) on the left and switch “A-XMP” inside from “Disable” to “Profile2”(red frame), and click “F10” to save. Then you can leave the page.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press "Delete" or "F2" to get into BIOS and press F7 to get into "Advanced Mode".

ii. Get into "DRAM Frequency"(green frame) and choose the frequency (red frame).


iii. After setting the frequency, click "Advanced DRAM Configuration" and fill in the CL value (green frame).


iv. After setting the CL value, get into DRAM Voltage(green frame), fill in the voltage(blue frame).


v. After doing the steps as above, press "F10" to save the settings.


(2) MSI motherboard (Intel chipset/CPU)

a. Open XMP

i. Press "Delete" or "F2" to get into BIOS and press F7 to get into "Advanced Mode".


ii. You have two choices to open XMP.

(i) Click the A-XMP(red frame) on the top, transfer to "ON" and press F10 to save the settings.


(ii) Get into OC(red frame), choose "Extreme Memory Profile (X.M.P)"(blue frame) and change from Disable to Enable. Then press F10 to save the settings.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press "Delete" or "F2" to get into BIOS and press F7 to get into "Advanced Mode".

ii. Get into "DRAM Frequency"(red frame) and choose the frequency(red frame).


iii. After setting the frequency, choose "Advanced DRAM Configuration"(red frame).


iv. Fill in the CL value(green frame) in Advanced DRAM Configuration.


v. After setting the CL value, fill in the voltage(blue frame) in "DRAM Voltage"(green frame).


vi. After doing all the steps above, press "F10" to save the settings.


3. Gigabyte

(1) Gigabyte motherboard (AMD chipset/CPU)

a. Open D.O.C.P.

i. Click “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS.

ii. Select M.I.T.(blue frame), select Advanced Memory settings(green frame) and then press “Enter”.


iii. Select “Extreme Memory Profile(X.M.P.)”(red frame), press “Enter” to enter “Profile1”(blue frame). And then press “Enter” to check again.


iv. Press “F10” to save and leave BIOS after finishing all the steps above.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS.

ii. Switch to “M.I.T.”(blue frame), choose Advanced Memory Settings(green frame) and press “Enter”.


iii. Select System Memory Multiplier(green frame), set the frequency(blue frame). For instance, input 28.00 if you’d like to set the frequency to 2800Mhz. At the moment, Memory Frequency(red frame) will automatically change into relative frequency.


iv. After finishing setting the frequency, find “Memory Timing Mode”(red frame) below and switch “Auto” into “Manual”(green frame).


v. Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


vi. After finishing filling in CL Value, back to the last page “M.I.T.” to find “Advanced Voltage Settings”(green frame) and then press “Enter”.


vii. Select DRAM Voltage(red frame) and then select Voltage(blue frame).


viii. After finishing all the steps above, press “F10” to save and leave BIOS.


(2) Gigabyte motherboard (Intel chipset/CPU)

a. Open XMP

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS

ii. Switch to “M.I.T.”(blue frame), select “Advanced Memory Settings”(green frame) and press “Enter”.


iii. Find “Extreme Memory Profile(X.M.P.)”(red frame), press “Enter” to enter “Profile1”(blue frame), and then press “Enter” again.


iv. After finishing all the steps above, you can press “F10” to save and leave BIOS.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS.

ii. Switch to “M.I.T.” on the above, select “Advanced Memory Settings” and press “Enter”.

iii. Select “System Memory Multiplier”(green frame), set the frequency(blue frame). For instance, input 28.00 if you’d like to set the frequency to 2800Mhz. At the moment, Memory Frequency(red frame) will automatically change into relative frequency.


iv. After finishing setting the frequency, select “Channel A Memory Sub Timings”(green frame). (Condition: Follow this step if you plug 2 sticks in the way from Motherboard’s Manual. If you plug in 4 sticks, please select “Channel A & B”.)


v. After entering “Channel Memory Sub Timings”, switch “Memory Timing Mode”(green frame) from “Auto” to “Advanced Manual”(blue frame).


vi. Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


vii. After finishing the setting of CL value, back to the last page “M.I.T.”, select “Advanced Voltage Settings”(green frame) and then press “Enter”.


viii. After entering “Advanced Voltage Settings”, select “DRAM Voltage Control”(green frame)


ix. Fill in the proper voltage(blue frame) in DRAM voltage.


x. After finishing all the steps above, you can press “F10” to save and leave BIOS.


4. ASrock

(1) ASRock motherboard (AMD chipset/CPU)

a. Open  D.O.C.P.

i. Press Delete or F2 to enter the BIOS.

ii. Press F6 to enter Advanced Mode (red frame)


iii. Press right arrow key to OC Tweaker(green frame) and find Load XMP Setting(Red frame). Enter to choose XMP 2.0 profile 1(blue frame).


iv. Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press Delete or F2 to enter BIOS.

ii. After entering the BIOS, press F6 to enter Advanced Mode.

iii. Press right arrow key to move to OC Tweaker and find DRAM Frequency (red frame).
Enter to choose a frequency you prefer.

iv.Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


v. Go back to the previous page after setting the CL value. Find DRAM Voltage and fill in the voltage.


vi. Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.


(2) ASRock motherboard (Intel chipset/CPU)

a. Open XMP

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS.

ii. Press “F6” to enter “Advanced Mode”(red frame) after entering BIOS.


iii. Press right arrow key to move to “OC Tweaker” (red frame). “Find DRAM Configuration”(blue frame) and press “Enter”.


iv. Find “Load XMP Setting”(red frame). Press “Enter”, select “XMP 2.0 Profile 1” and press “Enter” again to confirm.


v. Press “F10” to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.


b. Manual Overclocking Setting

i. Press “Delete” or “F2” to enter BIOS.

ii. Press “F6” to enter “Advanced Mode”(red frame).


iii. Press right arrow key to move to “OC Tweaker”(red frame). Find “DRAM Configuration”(blue frame) and press “Enter”.


iv. Find the DRAM Frequency below and choose the frequency you prefer(blue frame).


v. Find DRAM CAS# Latency and set the values according to your RAM specification as below in order.

*The value on this screenshot doesn't represent all RAMs' setting.


vi. Go back to the previous page after setting the CL value. Choose Voltage Configuration (red frame) to enter.


vii. Fill in the voltage in “DRAM Voltage”(red frame)


viii. Press “F10” to save the changes and exit the BIOS after completing the steps above.

Asus Motherboard 2021 - Easy Method Setting Ram to 3000MHz , 3200MHz .... - Gskill Trident Z

AI Overclocking

ASUS AI Overclocking

AI Overclocking moves the needle way beyond the limitations of traditional overclocking presets. From the moment you turn on the system, dedicated onboard microcontrollers track temperature and frequency telemetry to gauge the unique capabilities of your CPU and system cooling. The resulting data is then passed through an advanced algorithm coded by experts to provide overclocking results that newcomers and savvy veterans can rely on.

AI Overclockingat a Glance

From development all the way through to the final result, AI Overclocking sets new standards for performance tuning.

AI Overclockingat a Glance

From development all the way through to the final result, AI Overclocking sets new standards for performance tuning.

  • Designed by Experts

    Designed by Experts

    For each new motherboard platform, our in-house experts painstakingly profile thousands of processors and system configurations to hone the highly advanced algorithm of AI Overclocking.

  • Predictive Edge

    Predictive Edge

    The algorithm analyses your CPU and system cooling, and then defines optimal voltage and frequency settings. Predicted values can be applied manually or engaged automatically to save time.

  • Real-time Adjustments

    Real-time Adjustments

    Once activated, the AI Overclocking utility continually tracks vital system stats, making profile adjustments to account for changes in system usage or ambient temperature.

  • Jump Right in via BIOS

    The quickest way to get started is accessing AI Overclocking through the UEFI, because there’s no software installation required. Enter the UEFI by pressing the Delete key when the system first boots up.

    ROG logo background

    Click on AI OC Guide at the top of the screen, or press F11 to load.

    ROG logo background
    ROG logo background

    A tap on F5 will load up BIOS default settings.

    ROG logo background

    Load into the operating system to run a stress test with the Intel Extreme Tuning Utility.

    ROG logo background

    Head back to the BIOS and enter the Extreme Tweaker tab.
    Hit F10 to save settings and reboot, and you’re good to go!

      Or in One Click through ASUS/ROG AI Suite 3

      Clicking the AI Overclocking button within AI Suite 3 automatically reboots the system and optimizes overclocking settings.

      ROG logo background
    • Immediate Assessmentfor Advanced Users

      Fire up your PC and run a quick stress test in the operating system. Then enter UEFI to get voltage and frequency predictions to overclock your CPU.

      ROG logo background

    Learn More

    How to overclock your system using AI Overclocking - Z390 & ROG Maximus XI

    How to overclock your system using AI Overclocking - Z390 & ROG Maximus XI

    Our latest generation of Z390 motherboards takes automatic tuning to a whole new level with intelligent prediction. AI Overclocking is faster and more efficient than other methods, and it allows you to overclock a system in just a few short steps from the UEFI or desktop. Naturally, we had to take it for a test drive. This guide provides a walk-through for how to overclock your system using AI Overclocking.

    The Kaby Lake overclocking guide

    The Kaby Lake overclocking guide

    Conroe, Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge, Haswell, Skylake, and anything in between, we’ve overclocked them all. Each had their pros and cons, but the standout architecture in that list is Sandy Bridge. Good samples were capable of achieving stable overclocks of 5GHz on air cooling. It’s a landmark that has proven elusive, until now. Finally, we have a worthy successor: Kaby Lake. Intel’s latest processors make 5GHz overclocks possible with air cooling, and you even can go beyond that. No need for lengthy intros when excitement levels are at fever pitch. Let’s get down to business!

    How to overclock your system using AI Overclocking

    How to overclock your system using AI Overclocking

    Overclocking your system means dipping into untapped potential for better performance. The idea of pushing your CPU past the stock defaults in pursuit of lofty gains is tempting for anyone, but the process can be daunting for beginners. For years, we've been baking loads of tweaking options into our motherboards, including automated tools like 5-Way Optimization and OC Tuner that make it easy for inexperienced users to test the limits of their systems with just a few clicks. Our latest generation of Z390 motherboards takes automatic tuning to a whole new level with intelligent prediction. AI Overclocking is faster and more efficient than other methods, and it allows you to overclock a system in just a few short steps from the UEFI or desktop. Naturally, we had to take it for a test drive. This guide provides a walk-through for how to overclock your system using AI Overclocking.


    You will also be interested:

    There is no doubt that:

    RAM overclocking is vital for the PC Enthusiast and gamers. You can’t utilize your expensive RAM properly without overclocking it.

    But you might be wondering:

    Does overclocking memory modules bring any big change in a PC’s performance?

    The simplest answer is:

    Yes, it definitely does and i will explain it later.

    You might be very confused about overclocking.

    But the fact is:

    After reading this epic DDR4 RAM overclocking guide, it will take you only 5 minutes to do the job!


    In this tutorial I will show you the simplest way on how to overclock your RAM DDR4 to a suitable speed.

    And I will also tell you if RAM overclocking is worth it or not.

    I have answers to all your questions. So, sit back relax and let’s get started.

    At the end of this post, I will tell you the pros. and cons. of RAM Overclocking.

    Why Overclock RAM?

    RAM are now sold at different speeds/frequencies. But you don’t get that speed at default configurations.

    If you check the RAM speed you will see that the RAM is locked at a certain is not fully utilizing that speed. To increase that speed you need to overclock the ram.


    There are many advantages of RAM overclocking .Some of the advantages are more FPS(Frames Per Second) in games, more stable while multitasking etc.

    Whatever you do make sure that your PSU is sufficient for overclocking.

    If you don’t know anything about your computer’s Power Supply then check our post on what power supply do I have.

    Also check out how to speed up your monitor’s refresh rate.

    Which is Better? Faster RAM or More RAM?

    This is the most common problem that a RAM buyer faces before buying a RAM. But the answer to this question actually depends on many factors.

    In short:

    If you have a good budget then buy ram with more speed. Or else, buy a less rated speed ram with of the memory I have discussed right above.

    If you are a normal user 8 GB RAM is sufficient for you right now. On the other hand, if you do random heavy tasks on you computer for example: You open a lot of Tabs in your internet browser, or you play hardcore games on your PC etc. then 16 GB is good for you.

    Again if you stream games online or you do editings and other heavy tasks on your computer then you can even keep more RAM.

    So, if you can buy RAM of this much sufficient memory I will recommend you to take RAM sticks of more speed.  also check out how to fix annoying DISM errors.


    On the other hand if you are unable to buy this much memory then I will recommend you to get more ram with less speed.

    Ever played minecraft online? It’s really fun. But minecraft shows errors if your PC isn’t optimised or haven’t given the perfect settings.

    Pro tip:Step up your shooting skills in FPS games by disabling mouse acceleration and more.

    Two Things to Ensure Before Overclocking RAM

    One thing you need to keep in mind that:

    If you have overclocked your processor by increasing its base clock, your RAM will also get slightly overclocked. So, in this case you will have to change the memory’s voltage, frequency and timings for better performance.

    If you play Rolox, then I have a great news for you. Check out our separate post on how to change fonts and color of text in Roblox.

    Before proceeding, You need to make sure of two things.

    As a safeguard you need to ensure the current RAM speed and suitable frequency.

    And here’s how you’re going to check both of these…

    1. Check Your Current RAM Speed

    To overclock RAM, first of all you need to check the current speed of the RAM.

    To do so, you need to simply open task manager by right clicking the taskbar. Then you need to go to the “performance” tab. There you will find another tab for memory. Click on that and you will be able to see the current speed of the memory modules (RAM).


    You can also check RAM speed by using CPU-Z app.

    For calculating the RAM speed in CPU-Z app, you will have to double the DRAM frequency shown in the app.

    For example:

    If the DRAM frequency shown in the app is 1600 MHz, then the total RAM speed will be 3200MHz i.e 1600 X 2 = 3200MHz.

    You can check this detailed guide on monitoring CPU/GPU/components temperature.

    2. Identify Suitable Frequency/Speed for Your RAM

    For overclocking RAM, the most confusing part is to know about the speed you should overclock the RAM to.


    All the DDR4 RAM are locked at 2133Mhz.

    But most RAM are sold at different speeds like2400Mhz, 2666Mhz, 3000Mhz, 3200Mhz, 4000Mhz etc.

    Want to know the best part?

    You can even overclock the RAM to a speed more than that of rated speed of the RAM.The rated speed on the RAM’s body is the highest stable speed that is certified by the RAM’s company.

    The easiest way to choose the RAM speed is to select the RAM speed less than or equal to the rated speed. Other than that, you can check the other speeds by restating the PC after saving the settings and running some heavy applications like benchmarks.

    Pro tip: Here how to get full free netflix discounts.

    Jargon You need to know Before Overclocking 

    There are some terms you might not have heard before. But you will have to understand this thing now, or else, your overclocking experience will be incomplete.

    RAS & CAS: RAS stands for Row Access Strobe & CAS stands for Column Access Strobe in memory modules.

    RAS to CAS delay:  The time taken to line up a RAS line and CAS in memory.

    CAS Latency: The time which is in between the CPU requesting for data and RAM sending it.

    Active to pre-charge delay: The time seized for the memory access. It is also known as tRAS

    RAS Pre-charge: The time required to disable one RAS line and active the adjacent. It is also known as rTP.


    Best DDR4 RAM Overclocking Techniques

    Keep in mind:

    There’s no software specific solution to overclock RAM.

    Mainly there are two ways to overclock your memory modules. These are by using XMP and by Custom overclocking.

    XMP(Extreme Memory Profiles) is a list of preset profiles which you can enable to overclock your memory modules automatically. but there are some problems with it which i will explain later.

    So, the better way is the custom RAM overclocking method. In this method you can set the speed,clocks&voltages according to your needs.

    Also check out our in-depth review on an Aura sync compatible Bitfenix Enso.

    How to Overclock RAM DDR4 using Custom Settings

    I think you will agree with me when I say:

    A little more effort is better having great loss.

    And yes, custom overclocking is the safest way to overclock RAM as here you can set the settings according to your PC’s capability.

    Here Are the steps to overclock RAM on different poupluar motherboards:

    Overclock RAM on ASUS Motherboards

    Here’s how to overclock your RAM on an ASUS motherboard:

    1. Open the bios menu by clicking the “F2” or “Del” button while starting or restarting the PC.
    2. Go to advance mode.
    3. Select AI Tweaker/Overclocking tab.
    4. Select AI Overclocking Tuner to Manual/XMP(Extreme Memory Profile)
    5. After that you will see options for DRAM Frequency where you can adjust the speed.
    6. Then restart the PC selecting the “Save and Exit” option (F10 for most mother boards).


    You may ask:

    What about Ryzen ram overclockers?

    How to overclock ram ddr4 ryzen?

    Simple answer, The same way that’s discussed in the steps above.

    also check a cool trick on how to play music through Mic.

    DDR4 RAM Overclocking on MSI Motherboards

    Msi overclock is very popular because of its BIOS is user friendly . MSI bios overclocking is easier than others because of the msi motherboard overclocking software.

    How to how to OC RAM on MSI motherboard?

    Here are the steps to overclock your RAM on MSI motherboard:

    1. Open the bios menu by clicking the “F2” or “Del” button while starting or restarting the PC.
    2. Click the OC tab and you will find XMP (which will automatically overclock your RAM to mostly the highest frequency).
    3. If you disable it then you will be in manual mode.
    4. In manual mode/Xmp disabled mode you will be able to set speed from “Adjust DRAM Frequency” option.
    5. Then restart the PC selecting the “Save and Exit” option (F10 for most mother boards).


    How to Overclock RAM on GIGABYTE Motherboards

    The steps to overclock your RAM on a gigabyte motherboard are given below:

    1. Open the bios menu by clicking the “F2” or “Del” button while starting or restarting the PC.
    2. In the bios you will find a tab M.I.T where you can overclock your system.
    3. You simply need to select the XMP and click the “+” button to change active manual mode you will disable the manual mode.
    4. You can then select memory frequency (MHz) and click the “+” button to adjust frequency.


    Overclocking RAM DDR4 by XMP

    XMP stands for Extreme Memory Profiles.

    Simply I can say that:

    XMP is an Intel technology.And it allows users to overclock their RAM very easily. It lets you choose multiple memory settings by simply selecting a different profile.

    I will now discuss about how to overclock RAM using XMP in asus, msi, gigabyte motherboards.


    In the motherboard’s bios you will find XMP (if supported) and you will need to enable it to overclock your RAM.

    XMP in most cases have an options of 1-3 profiles to choose from. You just need to select your desired profile and restart your PC to experience the new speed of the RAM.

    One thing you should know that:

    Your PC’s power supply or your RAM might not do well with the speed given by the XMP.

    Some times you can even burn your RAM too for this reason. so, there is a risk in using the XMP profile.

    It gets worse:

    If you are using XMP and you are not sure about the power needed for that speed and your RAM’s capability.

    What’s the bottom line?

    XMP is only for the High-end RAM power by High-end power supplies

    Also check out how to fix application load errors and Error code 267 for Roblox.

    DDR4 RAM Overclocking Benchmarks

    Here are some tables which will give you a clear idea about FPS in some games with different RAM speeds.

    (My PC’s configuration for this test is i5 8600k, z370 motherboard, GTX 1080, 16GB 3200Mhz RAM and having good air ventilation, you can get these games from steam library)

    Apex Legends:



    DOOM Eternal:

    GTA V:

    After observing this chart you can clearly say that, RAM speed does matter. RAM speed has a great impact in your gaming performance.

    Another thing that confuses a new RAM buyer is, which one to buy? a ram with more speed or more memory RAM stick with less speed.

    Also check out how to sync Corsair RGB RAM using Aura sync.

    Remember that, a ram overclocker is always a PC enthusiast as he always wants to get the best out of his PC.

    Memory overclocking is a must for all PC gamers. Gamers often use ram overclocking software to overclock RAM. but it’s safer to overclock ram by the methods we have shown in this post.

    Pro tip: AIO liquid coolers like the Cooler Master ML240R saves your ram from the heat of your CPU and thus increases the overall performance of the PC.

    Is RAM Overclocking Worth it?

    You have already checked the benchmarks of varieties of  games above for different types of RAM speeds. Higher RAM speeds will also give you better performance while web browsing and other Ram intensive tasks like recurring calculations video rendering, and running different apps.

    There are many people who buy expensive PC parts and play games without overclocking the RAM modules. This disallows them to enjoy the full experience of their gaming PC.

    Basically normal low priced RAM cannot be overclocked much .Basic motherboards are also unable to overclock the RAM. For people having system like that RAM overclocking isn’t worth it.

    But here’s the kicker:

    The expensive RAM are made mostly for that high speed. So, expensive RAM buyers need to overclock that RAM to utilize it’s speed.


    Better RAM speed can extremely upgrade your gaming PC’s performance and it can ensure you a good gaming experience.

    So, you can be sure that your RAM overclocking will be worth it if you are running a overclocking type of system.

    Looking for a suitable RAM for overclocking?

    Recently G.skill has released their Trident Z royal series of memory modules which can be overclocked up to 4600 MHz (rated).

    Memory Overclocking Problems and their Solutions

    There are risks in any overclocking process of the components of a PC. So, you will need to overclock your RAM cautiously.

    After overclocking you might find problems like:

    Blue screen of death, Restarting/shutting down of PC automatically, PC not turning on properly etc.If you face such problems then you can be sure that, your RAM’s overclocked frequency is not suitable for your PC.

    So, you need to change the frequency again by the same method to a safe and stable condition.

    If you face error 0x0001 while opening Geforce experience then here’s the fix.

    NOTE: You need to overclock the RAM between default speed to the rated speed and set voltages accordingly or you might fry your RAM. I will recommend you not to use excessive voltage.

    Also, If your RGB syncing software isn’t working properly after overclocking you can check this guide on fixing Asus aura sync.

    Advantages and Drawbacks of Overclock Memory

    RAM overclocking has some drawbacks too instead of having such great advantages. So, here are some pros. and cons. of RAM overclocking:

    • »The RAM speed is utilized. RAM are more expensive for that more speed. so, you can say the money is fully utilized.
    • »RAM can be overclocked more than the rated speed if it’s perfectly done.
    • »This simple task can increase your PC’s performance to a great extent.
    • »Sometimes the RAM get fried if they are overclocked in a wrong way.
    • »RAM overclocking can reduce the life span of the memory modules to a great extent if the heat sinks aren’t suitable.
    • »RAM overclocking is not worth it if you are using a poor-end system with a good RAM.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Some common questions I have been mostly asked about RAM overclocking guide are:

    Question: Will two RAM of different brands and speeds work fine?

    Answer:  Yes, Two RAMS of different speeds and brands will work.but it’s not recommended to use as you can fall in to troubles like blue-screen of death and PC automatically restarting after booting.Before buying RAM you need to keep in mind that, RAM of different form factors(DDR2, DDR3, DDR4 etc.) will not work at all. In case of overclocking memory modules of different speeds and different brands, you should be selecting the speed of the RAM which has the lowest rated frequency.

    Question: Does RAM overclocking brings any change in Gaming performance?

    Answer:  Yes, it really does, but you might not find those changes in every games as some games do not require that much of speed.

    Question: How much speed can i get from a good Memory Module?

    Answer: It depends on it’s ratings you can speed up your RAM up to he ratings or even more than that if the heat sinks of the RAM are good and the power supply is enough including the cooling system.

    Question: Does overclocking do any harm to the RAM?

    Answer: Not quite, but if it isn’t done perfectly then it may reduce the life of the RAM.

    Question: Which intel processor motherboards are the best for overclocking RAM?

    Answer: obviously the z270,z370 & z390 for now.

    Question: Is XMP suitable for overclocking RAM?

    Answer: Yes, but only if you have good cooling system and enough power from you power supply.

    Final Thoughts

    Some of you might feel afraid to overclock your memory modules. But there is nothing to fear of. You can easily overclock your memory modules following my guide.

    Just be careful with the ratings. I will recommend you not to go to a speed level above that unless you have good cooling system and there is enough power left from your power supply.

    Any Pro tip for overclocking DDR4 RAM?

    Set the clock speeds to the rated speed or slightly above. And for voltages you can set 1.5v dram which is 100% safe. if you face prolems you can set it to 1.15v, 1.25v, 1.3v & 1.4v respectively

    So, here’s the deal:

    If you have a high-end gaming/workstation PC then you should definitely overclock your RAM.

    And for those who are enjoying the stock performance of the RAM, i will say carry on.

    But there is no meaning of spending the money on high frequency rated RAM with more price if you aren’t overclocking them.

    High speed rated expensive RAM are made for overclocking.

    So, what are you waiting for? Give a try and give us feedback.


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