noun, plural: controls
(general) That which purposefully direct, manipulate, manage, regulate, restrain, or cause change
(science) A subject or a group in an experiment where the factor being tested is not applied, hence, serves as a standard for comparison against another group where the factor is applied
To take charge of; to influence or direct over; to restrain, prevent, or manipulate
In scientific experiments, a scientific control is one in which the subject or a group would not be tested for the dependent variable(s). The inclusion of a control in an experiment is crucial for generating conclusions from the empirical data. A study with control(s) is designed to ensure that the effects are due to the independent variables in the experiment. The use of controls allows to study one variable or factor at a time. It is, however, important that both the control and other (experimental) group(s) are exposed to the same conditions apart from the one variable under study. Doing so will help draw conclusions that are more accurate and reliable.
A biological control is the use of organism(s) to control the population of another group of organisms.
Word origin: Latin contrarotulare, from contra (“opposite”) + rotula (“roll”, “”little wheel”)
Last updated on July 23rd, 2021
Meaning of manipulate in English:
Translate manipulate into Spanish
1Handle or control (a tool, mechanism, information, etc.) in a skilful manner.
‘he manipulated the dials of the set’
- ‘The surgeon can perform intricate procedures by using joystick-like controls to manipulate the surgical instruments.’
- ‘One robotic arm is used to position the endoscope to provide visualisation of the operative site, while the other two robotic arms manipulate surgical instruments under the surgeon's control.’
- ‘In art classes, each student explores and manipulates varied tools and mediums.’
- ‘Thus, I was able to manipulate the ropes and free myself from them.’
- ‘With it they are able to manipulate objects as well as if they had hands.’
operate, handle, work, control, use, employ, utilizeView synonyms
- 1.1Alter, edit, or move (text or data) on a computer.
‘the pupils can manipulate the data or screen image’
- ‘You can then create, edit and manipulate any audio files you like.’
- ‘This behavior becomes very dangerous when people rely on a computer to store and manipulate important data but fail to back up those data.’
- ‘My diagnosis is that since he is on broadband cable Internet, and has no firewall, someone actually hacked into his computer and is manipulating his system just for kicks.’
- ‘Rather than pass out memos or draw on whiteboards, workers use collaborative software to manipulate documents on plasma screens that also function as videoconference systems.’
- ‘This is a big plus for anyone wishing to manipulate documents without needing to have the creator application present.’
- ‘These programs enable you to manipulate text patches easily in all sorts of useful ways, and they have saved kernel developers many hours of tedious work.’
- ‘Image editing software can manipulate and change digital images on the computer.’
- ‘However, even with these basic commands, you can successfully manipulate text files from within your own shell scripts or right from the command line.’
- ‘Java provides predefined methods for manipulating the indexed lists.’
- ‘The PC's ability to record, rip, store and manipulate audio and video makes it a great media server.’
- ‘Character devices, such as serial ports and keyboards, manipulate data as a stream of characters, or bytes, one at a time.’
- ‘For the last few years, Nuchi has been drawing with pixels, the smallest elements that can be manipulated using a computer.’
- ‘She scans old family pictures or photographs her relatives with a digital camera, and manipulates the results by computer.’
- ‘Each time data is moved or manipulated, the data blocks must be checked and rechecked for consistency.’
- ‘In this form countless copies can be made, and, more importantly, images can be manipulated by computer in many appropriate ways.’
- ‘Data, once entered, can be more easily manipulated, moved, modified, and deleted.’
- ‘The digital record can be edited and manipulated down to the level of single bits, just like genomic DNA.’
- ‘Finally, I have extensive experience using computers to manage and manipulate images, including type.’
- ‘Surgeons can also benefit from interactive software tools that allow them to manipulate information from previously acquired images.’
- ‘They are the basic commands for manipulating both files and directories.’
- 1.2Examine or treat (a part of the body) by feeling or moving it with the hand.
‘this system of healing is based on manipulating the ligaments of the spine’
- ‘A trainer assists him with physical therapy, manipulating his body to prepare the joints for the rigors of swinging a golf club as violently as Woods does.’
- ‘During a massage, a therapist manipulates your body's soft tissues - your muscles, skin and tendons - using his or her fingertips, hands and fists.’
- ‘Manual healing treats medical problems by manipulating and realigning body parts.’
- ‘While the patient's right hip was being manipulated during a physical examination, her pain abruptly disappeared, along with the tender mass.’
- ‘The therapy was developed in France, but is rooted in the ancient Chinese art of acupuncture, where pressure points relating to specific parts of the body are manipulated to alleviate particular problems.’
- ‘By manipulating these pressure points, ancient Chinese physicians could treat the most complicated of disease.’
- ‘Gently manipulating parts of the body can help treat development disorders, sleeplessness, bed-wetting, allergies and asthma.’
- ‘Physicians use their hands to diagnose injury and illness and manipulate the musculoskeletal system to encourage the body to heal.’
- ‘Practitioners claim that gently manipulating the bones of the cranium can correct the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, by restoring the skull to its natural shape.’
2Control or influence (a person or situation) cleverly or unscrupulously.
‘the masses were deceived and manipulated by a tiny group’
- ‘We should always be trying to influence and manipulate our opponents - this is critical - but there is only so much we can do about that.’
- ‘Don't allow judgmental and critical people to influence and manipulate you, as you are ready to make a final decision about the past.’
- ‘It requires a seasoned politician to take advantage of a no-win situation and manipulate circumstances to drive home a point.’
- ‘So his little game of semantics backfires on him, a very interesting development indeed considering how clever he can be at manipulating a situation.’
- ‘The man was described at Manchester Crown Court as a strict father who controlled and manipulated his children and was also in total charge of his wife.’
- ‘I unconsciously manipulate situations to my advantage’
- ‘She knows her best strength is the way she can control and manipulate men.’
- ‘During her visits with her mother, there's a suggestion that Ingrid is still somehow controlling or manipulating her confused child.’
- ‘And there are too many parties who think they can manipulate those incensed people for political advantage.’
- ‘O'Neill knows how to manipulate situations to his team's advantage too.’
- ‘He's smart enough to be manipulating the situation to ensure that he stays in power.’
- ‘He manipulates people and events to suit his own purpose and any opposition to his will is seen as disloyalty.’
- ‘Besides, it turned out the child in question was actually happier with his father, and the whole situation was manipulated by the mother.’
- ‘There is a popular anti-corporate, progressive argument that sees market research and advertising as a sinister attempt to manipulate people.’
- ‘Both involved persons in authority who used half-truths and recklessly false statements to manipulate people who trusted them.’
- ‘It might've been the reason why he could manipulate people.’
- ‘He was gauging the class; calculating and deciding exactly how best manipulate the situation to his advantage.’
- ‘In most cases toddlers already know how to emotionally manipulate their parents and most stop crying very soon after the parent has left.’
- ‘She had manipulated me, controlled me, made me her tool, her minion, her puppet.’
- ‘Machiavelli urged rulers to study human nature so that they could control politics by manipulating their subjects.’
exploit, control, influence, turn to one's advantage, use to one's advantage, manoeuvre, engineer, steer, direct, guide, twist round one's little finger, work, orchestrate, choreographView synonyms
- 2.1Alter or present (data) so as to mislead.
‘nations may still be able to manipulate their own data’
- ‘The court found that they had indeed libeled the good doctor by manipulating the facts to suit the story and he was awarded a million dollars plus.’
- ‘I don't agree that we should manipulate data, and present only bits of broader data, to perpetuate a political agenda using conjecture and not science.’
- ‘Yes, the headline numbers can be and will continue to be manipulated, massaged and presented in as bullish a light as possible.’
- ‘In this mad pursuit of history itself, the facts of the past in so far as they are known are blatantly manipulated and distorted.’
- ‘Being able to manipulate words didn't seem like such an evil gift though.’
- ‘The seller controls and manipulates information about its products or services to influence buyer behavior.’
- ‘And he said many people in the security services were ‘disgusted with the way in which the government manipulated their information’.’
- ‘Market forces require businesses to manipulate information to stay in business, she says.’
- ‘Instead he exaggerated, distorted, suppressed and manipulated the information for political ends.’
- ‘He was too innocent to manipulate the information I freely gave him.’
- ‘The misconduct involves companies manipulating the books to show profits that didn't exist.’
falsify, rig, distort, alter, change, doctor, massage, juggle, tamper with, fiddle with, tinker with, interfere with, misrepresent, fudge, corruptView synonyms
Early 19th century back-formation from manipulation.
Look up a word, learn it forever.
Manipulation is the skillful handling, controlling or using of something or someone. Whether it's the sculpture you made in art class or how you convinced your friend to do your homework — both are considered manipulation.
From the Latin word for "handful," manipulation certainly has much to do with using your hands to move or shape something, like a good DJ manipulating two totally different tunes into the perfect mashup. But this word also has some negative connotations — a manipulative person knows how to twist words, play on emotions and otherwise manage a situation in a sneaky fashion to get what he wants.
Definitions of manipulation
nounexerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage
“his manipulation of his friends was scandalous”
see moresee less
- mind game
deliberate actions of calculated psychological manipulation intended to intimidate or confuse (usually for competitive advantage)
- type of:
causing something without any direct or apparent effort
- mind game
nounthe action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means
This shows grade level based on the word's complexity.
[ muh-nip-yuh-leyt ]
/ məˈnɪp yəˌleɪt /
verb (used with object),ma·nip·u·lat·ed,ma·nip·u·lat·ing.
to manage or influence skillfully, especially in an unfair manner: to manipulate people's feelings.
to handle, manage, or use, especially with skill, in some process of treatment or performance: to manipulate a large tractor.
to adapt or change (accounts, figures, etc.) to suit one's purpose or advantage.
Medicine/Medical. to examine or treat by skillful use of the hands, as in palpation, reduction of dislocations, or changing the position of a fetus.
ARE YOU A TRUE BLUE CHAMPION OF THESE "BLUE" SYNONYMS?
We could talk until we're blue in the face about this quiz on words for the color "blue," but we think you should take the quiz and find out if you're a whiz at these colorful terms.
Question 1 of 8
Which of the following words describes “sky blue”?
Origin of manipulate
First recorded in 1820–30; back formation from manipulation
OTHER WORDS FROM manipulate
ma·nip·u·lat·a·ble,adjectivema·nip·u·la·to·ry[muh-nip-yuh-luh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee], /məˈnɪp yə ləˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectivenon·ma·nip·u·la·tive,adjectivenon·ma·nip·u·la·to·ry,adjective
out·ma·nip·u·late,verb (used with object),out·ma·nip·u·lat·ed,out·ma·nip·u·lat·ing.un·ma·nip·u·lat·a·ble,adjectiveun·ma·nip·u·lat·ed,adjectiveun·ma·nip·u·la·tive,adjectiveun·ma·nip·u·la·to·ry,adjective
Words nearby manipulate
manioc, mani-pedi, maniple, manipulable, manipular, manipulate, manipulation, manipulative, manipulator, Manipur, Manisa
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Words related to manipulate
employ, shape, wield, handle, maneuver, exploit, influence, use, work, form, feel, manage, ply, finger, swing, operate, mold, thumb, control, upstage
How to use manipulate in a sentence
On the advertising side, Google said it already has policies that prohibit advertisers from using doctored or manipulated media or false claims that could undermine voter participation or trust in the election.
How Google, Facebook, and Twitter plan to handle misinformation surrounding 2020 presidential election results|Danielle Abril|September 10, 2020|Fortune
This ambiguity leaves it to the state to decide what kind of content is considered false or potentially harmful, and could allow those in power to manipulate the definition for political gain.
Brazil’s “fake news” bill won’t solve its misinformation problem|Amy Nordrum|September 10, 2020|MIT Technology Review
The court’s ruling was informed, in part, by tens of thousands of alternative maps demonstrating that the district boundaries had very likely been manipulated for political gain, the very definition of gerrymandering.
How next-gen computer generated maps detect partisan gerrymandering|Sujata Gupta|September 7, 2020|Science News
The Authenticator analyzes videos or images and tells users the percentage chance that they’ve been artificially manipulated.
Microsoft’s New Deepfake Detector Puts Reality to the Test|Vanessa Bates Ramirez|September 4, 2020|Singularity Hub
After manipulating the positronium atoms with a laser to put them in the appropriate energy level, the team hit them with microwave radiation to induce some of them to jump to another energy level.
A measurement of positronium’s energy levels confounds scientists|Emily Conover|August 24, 2020|Science News
And from their power structure within the prisons they manipulate and control events on the streets.
The Mexican Mafia Is the Daddy of All Street Gangs|Seth Ferranti|December 11, 2014|DAILY BEAST
He studied our use of language and the way that words are manipulated to manipulate the populace.
Why George Carlin Deserves His Own Street|Kevin Bartini|October 21, 2014|DAILY BEAST
They are actually using the media around the galaxy to manipulate events and make people feel they have more power than they do.
‘Star Wars Rebels’ Explores the Jedi’s Lost Years Between the Prequels and the Original Trilogy|Annaliza Savage|August 2, 2014|DAILY BEAST
But tech geeks, with their superhuman ability to manipulate ones and zeroes, do.
Occupying the Throne: Justine Tunney, Neoreactionaries, and the New 1%|Arthur Chu|August 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Porn is really the same as any other media product: People manipulate it to their purposes more than they are manipulated by it.
Is Bondage Porn to Blame for a Murder?|Amanda Marcotte|July 9, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Cleverly though they manipulate, cleanliness is not their besetting weakness.
Tobacco; Its History, Varieties, Culture, Manufacture and Commerce|E. R. Billings.
Of course they have made up their minds you are erratic, and have not the least doubt that they can manipulate that loose screw.
I don't want to let him manipulate that light enough to send any signals to possible Mexican watchers, Overton.
Uncle Sam's Boys as Lieutenants|H. Irving Hancock
He began to manipulate the cards, lying cramped on his side, and in doing so dropped two or three.
Blazed Trail Stories|Stewart Edward White
They felled the great trees and dragged them aside with powerful donkey engines to manipulate their gear.
The Hidden Places|Bertrand W. Sinclair
British Dictionary definitions for manipulate
(tr)to handle or use, esp with some skill, in a process or actionto manipulate a pair of scissors
to negotiate, control, or influence (something or someone) cleverly, skilfully, or deviously
to falsify (a bill, accounts, etc) for one's own advantage
(in physiotherapy) to examine or treat manually, as in loosening a joint
Derived forms of manipulate
manipulability (məˌnɪpjʊləˈbɪlɪtɪ), nounmanipulatableormanipulable, adjectivemanipulation, nounmanipulative, adjective
manipulatively, adverbmanipulator, nounmanipulatory, adjective
Word Origin for manipulate
C19: back formation from manipulation, from Latin manipulus handful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for manipulate
To handle and move in an examination or for therapeutic purposes.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Yes, the money was just the way. But I could not even imagine how she earned it. I didn't go home after the flight.
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I will make, perhaps, an unusual gift for the readers. I will not describe sex. Moreover, nothing unusual happened. One approach and two poses.