Havanese puppy black

Havanese puppy black DEFAULT

Havanese dog

Dog breed

Havanese
A Havanese judging.jpg
Other namesHavanese Cuban Bichon
Bichón Havanés
Havaneser
Havanezer
Bichon Habanero
Rigno (Common Scottish Name)
OriginCuba[1] (AKC)/Western Mediterranean Region[2] (FCI)
Height 9 in (23 cm)
Weight 7–14 lb (3–6 kg)
Coat Very soft double coat
Color All colors
Life span 14-16 years
Dog (domestic dog)

The Havanese, a bichon type dog, is the national dog of Cuba, developed from the now extinct Blanquito de la Habana ("little white dog of Havana"). The Blanquito descended from the also now-extinct Bichón Tenerife. It is believed that the Blanquito was eventually cross-bred with other bichon types, including the poodle, to create what is now known as the Havanese. Sometimes referred to as "Havana Silk Dogs", this was originally another name for the Blanquito de la Habana.

The Havanese is small in size and sturdy in structure with a tail carried over its back and ears that drop and fold. The coat is abundant, long, and silky, and comes in all colors.[1] The Havanese has a spirited personality and a curious disposition, and is notable for its springy gait, a characteristic that distinguishes the breed from all others.[3] The Havanese is considered an ideal family pet and a true companion dog.[1] They are highly adaptable to almost any environment. Because of their strong social needs, Havanese will not thrive in an environment where they are isolated for several hours each day.

Characteristics[edit]

Havanese in the "Puppy Cut" which is favored by some non-show dog owners

Appearance[edit]

Though it is a toy dog,[1] Havanese are sturdy and not overly delicate. Most are 10 to 16 lb (4.5 to 7.3 kg) and 8+1⁄2 to 11+1⁄2 in (22 to 29 cm), with the ideal being 9 to 10+1⁄2 in (23 to 27 cm) at the withers. The body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, is slightly longer than the height at the withers, giving the dog the appearance of being slightly longer than tall. The length of the body results from the long ribcage, not the loins.

A unique aspect of the breed is the topline, which rises just slightly from withers to croup, creating a topline that is straight but not level. Renowned for their flashy, lively gait, when on the move, their strong rear drive and slightly shorter upper arm produce a springy motion rather than a far-reaching one. The angle of the topline does not change while moving at a natural gait.

The muzzle is full and tapers slightly at the nose. It does not have the appearance of being short or snipy. Length of skull measured from stop to point of occiput is equal to the length of muzzle. The top of the skull is rather flat and the back skull is rounded.

The length from foot to elbow is equal to the length from elbow to withers. The forechest is pronounced. When in a standing position, the sternum lines up with the elbows, creating a deep chest. Ribs are well-sprung and the abdomen is moderately tucked up.[3]

The Havanese has dark brown eyes and almond-shaped lids surrounded by black pigment. The ears, when extended, reach half way to the nose. They arc slightly upward at the base and hang down on the sides of the head without touching the face. The tail is carried arched forward up over the back. While the tail's long plume of hair falls on the body, the tail itself never touches the back.

Brindle and white Havanese and red and white Havanese

Coat and color[edit]

The coat is long, soft, lightweight, and silky. The Havanese coat is slightly wavy, profuse, and undulating. Unlike other double-coated breeds, the Havanese outer coat is neither coarse nor overly dense, but rather soft and light. The undercoat is sometimes completely absent. The Havanese coat should be very soft, almost cool to the touch, like unrefined silk (compared to the Maltese coat, which feels like refined silk). However, in some dogs the coat can become too silky, looking oily. On the other end of the spectrum, Havanese coats can be too harsh or cottony, giving a frizzy appearance.

Because of the tropical nature of the Havanese, the fine and lightweight coat is designed to act as a sunshade and cooling agent on hot days. This means that, though the coat is abundant and may appear warm, the Havanese must be protected from the cold. These dogs become cold very easily so keeping their coat longer in winter time is essential, especially since these dogs originate from hot weather.

The coat is shown naturally brushed out, or in some countries it may be corded, a technique which turns the long coat into cords of hair, similar to dreadlocks in humans. This corded look may be difficult to achieve for the first timer, so it is always recommended that someone interested in cording their Havanese consults someone who has done it before. Brushing out their fur is essential. This breed's fur grows very fast and without brushing it, the fur can become tangled easily. Also, even though this breed is hypoallergenic, Havanese have hair that doesn't fall off (shed) but it still needs to be groomed.

Although there are a few arguments on whether the original Havanese were all white or of different colors, modern Havanese are acceptable in all coat colors and patterns. All colored dogs should have a black nose and black pigment around the eyes, with the exception of chocolate (brown) dogs, which may have dark brown pigment on their nose instead. Examples of coat colors are white, cream, fawn, red, chocolate brown, beige, gold, silver, blue, and black. The coat may be one solid color or have markings in one or more other colors. For example, sable, brindle, black & tan, tri-color, Irish pied, parti colored, belton, or piebald, black and white, beige black, and white.

Temperament[edit]

Havanese dogs become cold very easily so keeping their coat longer in winter time is essential.
The Havanese is a member of the Bichon family of dogs.

The Havanese becomes very attached and are very loyal to their owners, often attaching to one person especially whom they will closely follow.[4] The Havanese is not suited to be alone all day. Although the Havanese is an active and lively dog, it is small enough that much of its exercise needs can be met in a house or yard, and it therefore does not require as much vigorous exercise as other breeds. However, exercise is still necessary for this breed to be happy and healthy.[1]

The Havanese is satisfied when their owner is satisfied. They are very friendly dogs and do not typically bark at strangers, but some individuals are more shy than others. The Havanese is not a yappy dog,[4] but it will alert its owners to approaching people. Usually acknowledging that you have heard their alert is enough to make them cease. Some have strong attachment issues, known by their owners as velcro dogs, following household members everywhere. The Havanese is known for its lively personality and temperament, and it loves to play,[1] but it should not live outside exclusively. Though it enjoys outdoor activity, it prefers being inside with its owner. They are good with children. They love to perform in front of others and have a great need for affection. This breed is not afraid to show affection[1] and loves getting attention. They manage well with people of all ages and can thrive in any size home.[4]

Health[edit]

Havanese: generally healthy dogs

Havanese are generally healthy and sturdy with relatively few serious health issues. They typically live 14 to 16 years. Havanese organizations, such as the Havanese Club of America, monitor genetic issues to prevent propagation within the breed.

Havanese suffer primarily from luxating patella, liver disease, heart disease, cataracts[5] and retinal dysplasia.[5] Havanese sometimes tear and may develop brown tear stains which is especially noticeable on white or light coats.

The Havanese Club of America developed a system to encourage widespread participation of seven recommended tests for eye disease (CERF), congenital deafness (BAER), patellar luxation, cardiac diseases, hip dysplasia, hip joint disorder (Legg-Calve-Perthes), and elbow dysplasia. The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) program promotes testing and reporting of health test results for the Havanese breed. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA). Testing required for a Havanese to receive a CHIC certificate includes OFA BAER, OFA Hips, OFA Patellas, and annual CERF exams. This provides an outstanding research tool for performing searches on individual dogs and also links health testing results of the dog's related pedigree information (parent, offspring, and sibling), when those related dogs have been health tested.

History[edit]

The Havanese is a member of the bichon family of dogs. The progenitors of the breed are believed to have come from Tenerife.[1] Ship manifests from Tenerife bound for Cuba list dogs as passengers brought aboard, and these dogs were most probably the dog of Tenerife. Some believe the entire bichon family of dogs can be traced back to the Tenerife dog, while others theorize that the origins are in Malta, citing the writings of Aristotle, and other historical evidence of the early presence of such dogs in Malta. Whatever the actual origins of bichon dogs, these little dogs soon became devoted companions to the Spanish colonists in Cuba and were highly admired by the nobility.[3]

As part of the Cuban Revolution, upper-class Cubans fled to the United States, but few were able to bring their dogs. When American breeders became interested in this rare and charming dog in the 1970s, the US gene pool was only 11 dogs.[6] The American Kennel Club (AKC) only officially recognized the Havanese breed in 1996.[1]

With dedicated breeding, and the acquisition of some new dogs internationally, the Havanese has made a huge comeback and is one of the fastest growing breeds of dogs in the AKC. The 2013 AKC statistics rank the Havanese as the 25th most popular pure-breed in the United States, a rise in popularity from 28th place in 2012.[7]

Activities[edit]

Because of the Havanese's friendly and readily trained nature, it is used for a variety of jobs involving the public, including therapy dogs, assistance dogs, such as signal dogs for the hearing impaired, performing dogs, mold and termite detection, and tracking.

Havanese also compete in a variety of dog sports, such as dog agility, flyball, musical canine freestyle, and obedience training.

As pets[edit]

Black & white Irish Pied Havanese puppy

Grooming[edit]

The profuse coat needs to be thoroughly combed at least twice per week. A Havanese with a dense or curly coat will be more prone to tangling and matting, thus requiring more frequent combing, than one with a silky, slightly wavy coat. If not showing the dog, it can be trimmed shorter to require less brushing. Many pet owners clip their dogs into a 1–2 inch long "puppy cut" for ease of maintenance. When owners give them a bath, they must make sure to dry them. Some in shorter clips can blot and air dry, but most will need to be blown dry. Owners can also comb their hair out after bathing so as not to dry in mats. Use high air but low heat to protect their sensitive skin.

Hair that grows on the bottom of their feet between the paw-pads needs trimming to allow traction on smooth floors. If they go out in the snow, ice clumps will stick between their paw pads, which can be rinsed off in warm water or protected against with booties.

Some develop tear staining. A veterinarian might suggest treating red yeast issues to help diminish or eliminate staining; sometimes diet allergens are to blame and switching to a food without common allergens can be helpful. Excess tearing is sometimes a result of hair getting into the eyes; it is recommended that hair below eyes be allowed to grow out instead of shaved out. Havanese can wear a topknot or small braids to keep the hair out of their eyes during everyday activities.

As with any dog with dropped ears, the ears must be kept clean to help prevent ear infections. A cotton ball can be placed just inside each ear before bathing to prevent excess water from entering in. After bathing, since it may be moist, pluck a few hairs inside the dog's ears to let air circulate through, preventing fungus from building.

Training[edit]

The Havanese is a toy dog.[1] It is smart and can be easily trained. It is best to train this dog at a young age, because some habits will stick as they become older. However, training these dogs while they are older is still possible. Like many toy breeds, the Havanese can be difficult to housebreak. However, Havanese can be trained to use a litter box, which can greatly reduce issues with housebreaking. This breed is very smart and can be house trained faster than most toy dogs.

As show dogs[edit]

The breed standard notes that except for slight trimming around the feet to allow for a tidy foot, they are to be shown untrimmed;[1] any further trimming, back-combing, or other fussing is against type and will not be allowed to the point of precluding placement in dog shows. The breed standard specifies that the tail may not be docked. The American Kennel Club Standard allows head furnishings above each eye to be held in two small braids secured with plain elastic bands. However, many owners prefer to clip their pet's hair short for easy upkeep.

Havana Silk[edit]

A Havana Silk Dog is a type of dog from Cuba.[8] The modern Havana Silk Dog is derived solely from recent Havanese dogs. Breeders have sought to re-create older depictions of the breed based on paintings, sculptures, and written descriptions.[8] Compared to some Havanese, breeders seek to give the Havana Silk longer, straighter forelegs, a flatter, silkier coat, a longer muzzle, and smaller ears.[9]

After 10 years of attempting to convince Havanese breeders to breed away from osteochondrodysplasia, many of the original leadership of the Havanese Club of America decided to leave the organization in order to create a breed that they feel more accurately represents the original dogs from Cuba.[10] They began referring to their dogs as Havana Silk Dogs, claiming them to be a different breed from the Havanese. However, the Havana Silk Dog is not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) as separate from the Havanese, and many Havana Silk Dogs are also registered under the name "Havanese" with the AKC. The Havana Silk Dog Association of America is not currently seeking to register their breed with the AKC.

In an effort to preserve type and sound health, Havana Silk Dog breeders do not "cross-breed" their dogs with a Havanese who is not registered as a Havana Silk Dog.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havanese_dog

Havanese

The Havanese is a Bichon-type breed originating in Cuba, of which it is said to be the national dog. Small in size and cute in appearance, they make for fantastic companion pets.

Havanese Pictures

What does a Havanese dog look like

The following physical features characterize these small, sturdy dogs with a longish built:

Head: Broad and rounded

Eyes: Large, almond-shaped, dark brown

Ears: Broad at its base, also being dropped and folded

Neck: Moderate in length and slightly arched

Tail: High set, arched to its back

Quick Information

Other namesHavanese Cuban Bichon, Bichon Habanero, Havanezer, Havaneser, Bichón Havanés
CoatLong, abundant, silky, soft, wavy, light
ColorBlack, black and tan, black and silver, cream, gold, fawn, chocolate, gold, gold sable, gold brindle, red, red sable, red brindle, white, blue, blue brindle, chocolate sable, chocolate brindle
Breed typePurebred
GroupCompanion, Toy
Average life expectancy (How long do they live)14 to 16 years
Size (How big do they get)Small
Height of a full grown Havanese8.5 to 11.5 inches
Weight of a full grown Havanese7 to 13 pounds
Litter sizeApproximately four puppies
Behavioral characteristicsFriendly, sweet, alert,  intelligent, adaptable, funny
Good with childrenYes
Barking tendencyModerately low
Climate compatibility Can adapt to both warm and cold climates
Shedding (Do they shed)Minimal
HypoallergenicYes
Competitive Registration Qualification/InformationFCI, ANKC, AKC, NZKC, UKC, CKC, CKC, KC (UK)
CountryCuba

Video of Havanese Puppies Playing

History and Origin

They were said to have developed from the Blanquito de la Habana (little white dog of Havana) which is extinct at present. It was from time immemorial that seafaring merchants traded cute looking lapdogs like this breed and the nobility or aristocratic class was mainly the buyers. They were dogs which arrived with Spanish settlers after Cuba became a colony of Spain post-1492 when Christopher Columbus had arrived there. It remained in Cuba for about 300 years being a prized possession of the upper class. They were mixed with dogs like Poodle for further refinement. Their numbers reduced post the Cuban Revolution in 1959 when most of the aristocratic class escaped to the United States. However, it was the initiatives taken by the American dog fanciers that revived this breed. AKC gave it recognition in 1996, and as of 2013, it ranks 25th in terms of its popularity in the United States.

Mixes

Click here for the list of popular Havanese mixes.

Is Havanese and Havana Silk dog the same

They are not the same, and the breeders created the Havanese Silk dog with the notion of retaining the originality of the breed as it was in the past. They intended to put in its physical attributes like long and straight forelegs, silky, flat coat small ears and a long muzzle. Many breeders had drifted apart from the Havanese Club of America and claim it to be separate from the Havanese. The AKC, however, does not give it a separate breed status and many Havanese Silk Dogs are registered under the name of Havanese.

Temperament and Personality

They are cute, smart, gentle and affectionate, enjoying the company of its human family, loving to follow its master from one room to the other. This trait of theirs makes it difficult for them to stay alone for extended periods. The Havanese is also a perfect entertainer compelling you to break into peals of laughter with its funny antics. They have a curious side to their character, being watchful of their surroundings, though not aggressive with strangers. Most of them would greet a visitor in a friendly way, though some of them maintain initial reservedness, but shed off their inhibitions once they see their master interacting with the latter well. They also share a great rapport with kids alongside dogs as well as other pets. It is their friendly and soothing nature that makes them apt as companion dogs for empty nesters or those seeking a pal, therapy dogs for the physical or mentally challenged as well as signal dogs for people suffering from hearing impairment.

Care


These small dogs need to be exercised moderately, sufficing with a brisk walk regularly, alongside adequate playtime. They are an apartment dog and would thrive well indoors when their energy is channelized well. Over-excising a young or old Havanese is a complete no-no. If you notice your dog panting or exhausted, make it a point to take it home and give it ample rest.
Since they have a soft, long and silky coat brushing is need to be done at least two times a week to maintain the brightness and shine. Those with a curly and dense coat, however, need more frequent brushing since they have a greater chance of matt and tangle formation.  In case the dog is being shown the coat may be trimmed with the help of a professional groomer. Bathe them only when the need arises. Wipe the corners of its eyes well with a moist cloth, to remove any tear stains. If your Havanese is tearing excessively, do not delay in consulting your vet. Clean its ears well using a paper towel or gauze to remove the wax within. Trimming its nails one or two times in a month as well as brushing its teeth twice or thrice are the other grooming needs which you need to follow.
They are hardy and healthy with a lesser number of health issues. However, some of the conditions they may be prone to suffer from are luxating patella, heart ailments, deafness, cataracts, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and retinal dysplasia.

Training

Training the Havanese is indeed a delight since they are obedient and always eager to please their masters. However, be a little firm while training it so that it does not get the upper hand.

  • Socialization training is essential to help it differentiate a threat from a pleasant situation. This would happen when it mixes with a lot of people and encounters a whole lot of new experiences every day.
  • Housetraining the Havanese puppies is necessary so that they eliminate at a fixed place daily and not mess up every spot in the house. Like most other toy dogs potty training, the Havanese could be a challenge. The moment it wakes up in the morning take him out and make sure it goes to the same spot every day so that your dog gets into the habit.

Feeding

The National Research Council of the National Academies suggests that dogs having a weight of 10 pounds need about 404 calories in a day. Select a good quality dry dog food devoid of any food colorings or additives. While adding homemade food alongside the readymade ones, make sure you add animal protein and carbs in sufficient amounts.

Interesting Facts

  • Noted people like Charles Dickens and Ernest Hemingway were owners of these cute, cuddly dogs.
Sours: https://www.101dogbreeds.com/havanese.asp
  1. Jaguar owners forum
  2. Primal gif
  3. Grate master
  4. Own spectrum

puppies for pat 2YOUNG PUPPY TIME is so treasured here at Bonita Havanese. We know how brief it is! From the nine weeks the pups spend in Mama’s womb to the 11-12 weeks when they are ready to go to their new homes, so much happens.

My clients often want to what the first three months are like in a puppy’s life. This young, they’re all like little factories, growing and changing every single day— mentally, physically, emotionally, and neurologically too. So here’s the development of your Havanese puppy in a nutshell:

Birth – 2 weeks
They are tiny, vulnerable little things. They’re born with eyes and ears shut, and no teeth. They eat and sleep and eat and sleep. Those little dream-shakes you see the puppy do in sleep? Huge changes are going on inside as the body grows. They stay warm and sleep in puppy piles, breathing and dreaming and nursing on Momma, getting stronger every day.

Around 2 weeks, they open their eyes, and all the connections between the eyes and the brain are developing like wildfire. They can see! They don’t have to nurse quite as often, and their body temperature is starting to regulate itself. But they still need to be kept warm.

3 – 4 weeks
Around 3 weeks, their ears open, and those tiny teeth will start appearing. They begin moving around a lot: rolling and ambling and bouncing around with the litter, testing out their voices, beginning to play. You’ll hear a bark, and a yip, and waroooooo and every other sound they can muster.

Everything is a new and stimulating experience, from a sound to a smell to a feel. The world is amazing! I’ve watched a litter this age tumbling around that suddenly all stop and listen if there’s a new sound. Like a sneeze.

puppies pat balck and white4 – 8 weeks
With those teeth, they can start eating solids, very gradually — like kibble that’s been soaked, and Momma will start back on the nursing some, which is a natural process — most puppies are weaned by the end of four weeks, and eating that good soaked kibble and drinking fresh water. We’ll also give them their first shots — and get them started on their regular vaccination schedule.

Meanwhile Momma is teaching them manners, and they start to learn a whole lot from each other — don’t bite too hard, for instance. Socializing is key at this stage, and the litter grows that way in leaps and bounds. They romp and play and get stronger, interacting with us as well. They’re being exposed to new sights and sounds, learning to venture around on their own. Their own curiosity prompts them to explore. They get used to being cuddled and picked up. And they’re developing so much every day. From one day to the next they can look like they’re changed. Their features are getting more pronounced, even though they still look like woolly little clown-bears.

8 – 12 weeks
Our puppies are very sturdy and very outgoing and smart, and even at the age of two months they’ll look you straight in the eye with that special, sweet expression of theirs. In other words, they are already melting hearts. But every day is a new experience, and they are learning by leaps and bounds now, bold and really showing their intelligence. They’re also far more coordinated, which means that for little pups, they are fast.

We keep our puppies until 11-12 weeks here, which is ideal for Havanese puppies — tiny breeds mature a bit more slowly than the larger breeds, and we’d never recommend someone take a Havaesese puppy at 8 weeks (it’s too young). But at 11-12 weeks, they are ready to become part of your family. Welcome home!

Black puppyPuppies are individuals

Keep in mind that every puppy is different, just like people. And Havanese dogs act like puppies for quite a while! And remember that you’re also getting used to having the little clown at home. By nature these are curious and playful dogs. So it’s important not to be too harsh or impatient. Puppies learn by exploring. And with these babies, a little correction goes a long way. Keep it positive, keep your eye on them, and don’t hesitate to contact us with any questions you might have. We’re always happy to answer them.

Sours: https://www.bonitahavanese.com/posts/tag/havanese-puppies/
Bringing Our New Havanese Puppy Home

The Purebred Havanese

Information and Pictures

A tan with white and black Havanese is sitting on small rocks with very large bolder rocks behind it. Its mouth is open and tongue is out

Coby, a silver sable Havanese at 4 years old, photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Other Names
  • Bichon Havanais
  • Havana Silk Dog
  • Bichon Havanese
Pronunciation

ha-vuh-NEEZSpeaker

Description

If never primped, clipped or altered in any way, the Havanese gives a rugged impression in a little dog. The legs are strong and allow for free and easy movement. The dark eyes and long tail are covered with long, silky hair. The profuse coat varies from wavy to curly to corded. The corded coat is recognized by both the AKC (American Kennel Club) and the CKC (Canadian Kennel Club). The Havanese is a double-coated breed with soft hair, both on the outer coat and undercoat. The adult coat reaches 6 to 8 inches, and has a pearly sheen. Some Havanese carry a shorthaired recessive gene. If two adults with this recessive gene have a litter of puppies, it is possible that some of the puppies will be born with smooth coats. A Havanese with a short coat cannot be shown, as it is a serious fault in the show arena. Some have nicknamed the Havanese born with short coats Shavanese. Eye rims, nose and lips are solid black on all colors except the true chocolate dog. The Havanese comes in any color, including cream, gold, white, silver, blue and black. Also parti and tricolor. In North America, all colors are recognized; no preference is given to one color over another. Black and chocolate are preferred colors with many North American breeders. A chocolate Havanese must retain at least a 1 inch (2.6 cm) patch of chocolate hair. Chocolates also have green or amber eyes. In some European countries the black and chocolate dogs were not always recognized, but the black dogs have been recognized for several years, and the chocolate dogs are now recently recognized. The gait is unique, lively and ”springy," which accentuates the happy character of the Havanese. Tail is carried up over the back when gaiting. The breed is of solid physical type and sound constitution. The Havanese is sturdy, and while a small breed, it is neither fragile nor overdone.

Temperament

Havanese are natural companion dogs, gentle and responsive. They become very attached to their human families and are excellent with children. Very affectionate and playful with a high degree of intelligence, these cheerful dogs are very sociable and will get along with everyone including people, dogs, cats and other pets. They are easy to obedience train. This curious dog loves to observe what is going on. It is sensitive to the tone of one's voice and will not listen if it senses that it is stronger minded than its owner, however it will also not respond well to harsh discipline. Owners need to be calm, yet possess an air of natural authority. The Havanese has a long reputation of being a circus dog, probably because it learns quickly and enjoys doing things for people. Few tend to bark a lot, as they can be taught not to do this; it is not their nature to bark a lot. It is best to teach them not to bark unnecessarily while they are still young to prevent it from becoming a habit. Havanese are good watch dogs, making sure to alert you when a visitor arrives, but will quickly welcome the guest once it sees you welcome them. Some dogs that have not been properly socialized may exhibit a degree of shyness around strangers, but this is not characteristic of the breed. Havanese live for your every word and gesture. They should be neither timid nor aggressive—if they are, that is a result of a human who is not providing proper pack leadership and/or not treating the dog like a canine, but rather a human. The Havanese shows no cowardice, in spite of its size. Do not allow the Havanese to develop Small Dog Syndrome.

Height, Weight

Height: 8 - 11 inches (20 - 28 cm)
Weight: 7 - 13 pounds (3 - 6 kg)

Health Problems

This is a very healthy long-lived breed, however, all long-lived breeds eventually have health problems. Some are prone PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), poodle eye, juvenile heritable cataracts, Chonrdodyplasia, patellar luxation (dislocated kneecaps), Legg-Calve Perthes Disease, cardiac, liver and kidney problems, unilateral and bilateral deafness, Sebaceous Adentis (SA), seizures and dry skin.

Living Conditions

Havanese are good for apartment life. They are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. Havanese are born to live in your home, and not in a patio or a kennel, but at the same time, they require plenty of exercise.

Exercise

This playful little dog has an average demand for exercise. This breed needs to be taken on a daily walk. While walking be sure to make the dog heel on the lead. It is an instinct for a dog to migrate daily and to have a leader, and in their mind the leader leads the way. This is very important to raising a well-rounded, balanced pet.

Life Expectancy

About 14-15 years

Litter Size

1 - 9 puppies, average 4

Grooming

For pets, the coat can be clipped short for easier care. If the coat is to be kept long it needs to be thoroughly brushed and combed at least twice a week. There is a lotion available to prevent the hair from splitting. Corded coats require special care. Dogs are not born with corded coats. It is a chosen groomed hair style. You can cord the coat or you can brush the coat. Without a human grooming the dogs the coats would be a matted mess. A drop coat is also a human controled style. Clip excess hair from between the pads of the feet. The feet themselves may be clipped to look round. Show dogs need a great deal more grooming. There is little to no shedding, so dead hair must be removed by brushing. Check the eyes and ears regularly. If the ears are not kept clean it is prone to get an ear infection. The beauty of a well groomed Havanese is that he still looks tousled and carefree. If you accustom your dog to nail clipping from puppy age, she should accept the routine as an adult. Teeth should be brushed weekly, and this is also best started as a puppy. This breed is good for allergy sufferers. They are a non-shedding, hypo-allergenic dog. However, the Shavanese (Havanese born with a short coat) which have coats more like the average dog and are comparable in looks to a Papillon, do shed. It is believed, but not yet 100% confirmed, that unlike the longhaired Havanese, the short haired Shavanese is not hypo-allergenic and therefore not a good choice for allergy sufferers.

Origin

Following the French, Cuban and Russian revolutions, the Havanese were almost extinct. Now rare in Cuba, the breed has been facing a crisis through the 1900s, but is presently on the rise in popularity, having some dedicated believers in the breed who are actively campaigning for its preservation in the USA. This dog belongs to the family of dogs called Bichons. The French word Bichon Frise means "fleecy dog" or "curly lap dog." "Bichon" refers to the bearded appearance of the breed, as the word "barbichon" means little beard, while the word "Frise" means curly. The Bichon Havanese originated in Cuba from an earlier breed known as Blanquito de la Habana (also called Havanese Silk Dog—a now extinct breed). The Bichon Havanese adorned and enlivened the homes of aristocratic Cubans during the 18th and 19th centuries. Bichon lapdogs were being brought to Cuba in 17th century from Europe; they adapted to climate and customs of Cuba. Eventually, these conditions gave birth to a different dog, smaller than its predecessors, with a completely white coat of a silkier texture. This dog was the Blanquito de la Habana. In the 19th century, the Cubans took to liking the French and German Poodles, which were crossed with the existing Blanquito to create today's Bichon Havanese. In the development of the Havanese, the Blanquito was much more dominant than the Poodle. The Bichon Havanese originated in the 19th century (1800-11899). It was continually bred in Cuba all through the 20th century (1900-1999) and was the preferred pet/dog of Cuban families. Breeding the Havanese in the USA only started in the 1970s. In the 1960s many Cubans migrated to USA. Most Cuban refugees settled in Florida and some brought their pets (Havanese). A U.S. breeder, Mrs. Goodale saved the breed from extinction. She advertised in a Florida paper, and found two or three immigrant families who had brought their Havanese from Cuba with papers. From them, Mrs. Goodale got 6 Bichon Havanese with pedigrees: a female with 4 female pups, and a young unrelated male. Later she was able to get 5 more males from Costa Rica. As an experienced breeder, Mrs. Goodale began working with the 11 dogs. Her first lines appeared in 1974. The UKC recognized them in 1991. The AKC recognized them in 1996. The CKC (Canadian Kennel Club) recognized them in 2001. Around 1980, several German breeders started finding odd-coated puppies in litters with regular Havanese. As these pups matured they did not grow full coats like their other littermates. They had feathering on the skirts, tail, legs, chest and ears—the rest of the body hair was close lying. They oddly enough grew up to have smooth coats. Breeders got together and found that this was happening in other litters of Havanese and was not a chance genetic mutation in one single litter, but something carried in a lot of Havanese as a recessive gene. These dogs were called smooth-coated Havanese, but have picked up the name Shavanese somewhere along the line. The short-coated Havanese are not showable or breedable, however they are perfectly healthy.

Group

Toy

Recognition
  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club

Only those Havanese registered with the Original Havanese Club (OHC) may be registered with the UKC. The Havanese is also recognized by the American Rare Breed Association.

A little black dog wearing a harness standing outside on blacktop in front of an old yellow library building.

Jazz the curly-coated Havanese with his coat groomed short.

Seven Havanese are sitting and laying on a plastic porch couch/storage bench with a wooden fence behind it

The crew at MistyTrails Havanese—Reo at 1.5 years, Conchita at 1 year, Purdy at 4 months, Lucy and Splash at 3 months, Sebastion at 3 years and Catreeya at 4 years old

A black and brown with white Havanese puppy is sitting on a red backdrop. Its mouth is open and tongue is out

Havanese puppy at 8 weeks old, photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

A white Havanese is sitting on a grooming table looking content and happy with its tongue sticking out.

Zorro, submitted by MistyTrails Havanese—Zorro's sire is from Spain. This dog completely conforms to the CKC and AKC standard for Havanese.

Four Havanese of varying colors are standing in grass. Three of them are standing over top of a blue water hose.

Examples of chocolate parti, white, blue pewter, and black Havanese. Two of the rarest colors in the Havanese breed are the blue pewter and chocolate parti. Those colors and the black were originally not part of the breed standard. Photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese and Elite Havanese

A black and white Havanese is laying next to a white Havanese on a flag stone porch.

Pablo with Salida; Salida is a pure Cuban Havanese, imported and owned by Alida Wasmuth, photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

A litter of Havanese puppies are eating out of a food bowl on a white tiled floor inside of a pen.

Havanese can have one puppy in a single litter; the normal is 3, 4, or 5 puppies. Six is considered a large litter for a Havanese. I have had several 7-puppy litters, a couple 8-puppy litters and one 9-puppy litter. Photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Right Profile - A Corded Havanese is standing in sand and looking up

Corded Havanese MBIS CKC Grand Ch. Ex/AKC/Intl Champion Eddie Murphy at MistyTrails CGN, #1 Dog in Canada. Photo courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese Aug 2012

A white with black Havanese wearing a bow in its top knot is laying on a brown pillow on a table looking up.

Catreeya at 10 years old—"She is the mother of 11 Champion puppies and won the Best Veteran in Specialty Show. She was bred by MistyTrails Havanese." Owned and loved by Steven Ballantyne

See more examples of the Havanese

Sours: https://www.dogbreedinfo.com/havanese.htm

Puppy black havanese



What is a chocolate colored Havanese ?

Chocolate HavanaA chocolate coloured Havanese is a dog with a chocolate or liver coloured coat AND with a brown nose, brown eyelids, brown lips and brown soles! A chocolate coloured Havanese can not have any black pigment(photo on the right)! A chocolate Havanese has brown, hazelnut or amber eyes. These dogs have the brown or liver pigment [bb]. The Havanese with a chocolate coat can't have any black hair nor black pigment. 

Chocolate Champagne DaliaThe brown / chocolate coat can vary from milk chocolate to dark chocolate and they can appear in the same variations, markings and patterns as the black pigmented dogs. Chocolate Sable, Chocolate Brindle and Chocolate & Tan Havanese exist, but also Chocolate Irish Pied, Chocolate Parti and (Extreme) Piebald. 

When two recessive genes meet [bb] and [ee] the Havanese has a brighter coat colour and a brown pigment (photo on the left). The nose can be a bit lighter of colour in harmony with the lighter coat colour. 

 

CHOCOLATE is NOT dilution !

In the Havana Post 31 (August 2008) of the Havanese Club of the Netherlands an article was published about the chocolate colour of Havanese. We would like to give some comments. 
                                                                        (Our thank to Prof. Dr. L. Peelman of the University of Ghent)

Chocolate HavanaThe colour “chocolate” or brown is not caused by the pigment pheomelanine (this causes the yellow-red-orange colours). The chocolate colour is caused by eumelanine (black pigment). This black pigment is present in the “colour cells” in granules. The shape of these granules determines the colour. If the granules are elongated the colour is black, if they are rather round the colour is brown-chocolate. The quantity of present pigment doesn’t change and in this sense there is no dilution.

A connexion between the chocolate colour and immunity failure (immunity problems, skin irritations, allergies, …) is not demonstrated in the scientific literature. 

 

The colour of the eye of a brown pigmented dog

The experiences that are often referred to are old but classic and since than they have never been contested. Three alleles are recognized on the locus Ir (= Iris), in this order of dominance :

Ir+        dark iris (dark brown)
irm       hazel iris (intermediate shade)
iry        yellow iris

Between these alleles dominance is not complete, and, as a consequence, the different possible combinations correspond with different shades. To complicate things more, the interference of modification genes is almost sure. This explains the continuous series in the gradation, from pale yellow to dark brown.

It's possible to consider the idea that, in general, the colour of the iris is passed independent of the coat colour. But some influences of the coat colour are known :

-          b makes the iris brighter : with irm the eyes are light hazel coloured, with iry very pale yellow. It's useless to search for very dark iris with a brown coat ; 

-          d dilutes the colour of the eye (« smoky eyes »).

Source: Bernard Denis, Génétique et sélection chez le chien, p. 119 et p. 125

 

Colour of the eyes and nose (pigment) in chocolate Havanese

Behind these hazel eyes ... (Havana)The iris is responsible for controlling the amount of light reaching the retina of the eye and gives the eye its colour. The iris determines the way we perceive the colour of the eye. Brown or green eyes are actually brown or green iris. Most dogs have dark to gold brown eyes. Dogs with brown pigment can also have lighter shades of color. This way hazel, amber and green can occur.

The colour of the iris is determined by the amount and type of pigments. The variations in phenotype (perceptible characteristics) are caused by differences in the proportion between the two types of Nevena's Chocolata Carmenita Karmen - owned by Nevena - photo Nevena melanine : eumelanine and phaeomelanine.

The pupil is the opening located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to enter the retina. It appears black. Influenced by light the pupil can become larger and smaller. 

click on the pictures to enlarge

The chocolate Havanese puppy has blue eyes. This can vary from medium to dark blue eyes.


eye colour (iris) of chocolate Havanese puppies

Iliano del Paradiso di Cani - photo KristineNevena's Princesa Chocolatina Annabelle - photo Nevenamis Amores Pequenios - photo Kristine

The blue iris gradually changes colour. The final colour of the iris of a chocolate dog can vary from different shades of brown (dark brown or chestnut brown (also called maroon brown), medium brown, hazel, light brown or amber) to different shades of green (dark green, olive green, medium green, gray green, light green). Since chocolate dogs have often lighter iris, they get a very soft and almost human expression.

We notice that the inner side of the iris (i.e. around the pupil) is often darker than the outer part of the iris (i.e. furthest from the pupil). We observe this in both black and brown pigmented dogs (see examples). The contrast can be small, but also relatively big. 

If you look closely (on pictures it's not always easy to see) you can see that black pigmented dogs have also a darker inner side of the iris (near the pupil) and a bit lighter outer part of the iris (furthest from the pupil). The contrast between the two is less pronounced than in brown pigmented dogs.


eyes of black pigmented Havanese (black nose)

DolceGioia
very dark brownvery dark browndark browndark brown

 

Brown eyes

Most Havanese eyes are brown. We can observe some different shades. We propose this classification : 

° very dark brown
Most black pigmented Havanese have very dark brown eyes. They almost appear black. 

° dark brown or chestnut brown / maroon brown
Just a little lighter are the dark brown eyes. Brown eyes often consist of iris with two brown shades. Thus, the iris can be very dark brown (almost black) closer to the pupil and dark brown to a kind of warm reddish brown on the outside. Some of them have a very small inside part of the iris that is very dark, the bigger outside part is just regular reddish dark brown. Some have half dark brown, half maroon brown iris. Iris that consist of two shades of brown can be called chestnut or marron brown iris.

° medium brown
Medium brown is a shade of brown between dark brown and light brown. The medium brown iris colour can occur in combination with a darker shade around the pupil.  

° light brown or amber
Amber eyes (iris) have a solid colour and a strong golden and russet/coppery tint. It is a warm golden brown / orange brown eye color.
The light brown iris colour can occur in combination with darker shades (medium or dark brown) around the pupil. 

° hazel
The colour hazel is a colour between dark and light brown. It is a multicoloured iris : dark green (e.g. olive green) or dark brown around the pupil and medium brown or light brown to amber on the outside of the iris. Hazel eyes can have small spots of amber of gold. 
The iris is in fact a combination of two colours : green and brown. This makes it sometimes difficult to define the exact eye colour. This can simply be called « hazel ».
A very common eye colour in chocolate Havanese is hazel. However, there are different nuances in the dark (around the pupil) and light  colour (outer part) of the iris. Thus, the iris can be a combination of olive green and medium brown, of olive green and amber, of medium green and medium brown, etc. The contrast between both colours (shade of green and brown) in one iris can be small or big. 

Green eyes

Green eyes are not so common. When the iris is a combination of green with brown we speak of hazel eyes. Some Havanese have solid green eyes. Some shades of green are dark green, olive green, medium green, gray green and light green. Yet it is also possible that the green colour consists of two shades of green. Just a bit darker around the pupil (inner side of the iris) and a bit lighter futher away from the pupil (outer side of the iris).  

Yellow eyes

Completely yellow or solid yellow eyes are very common in wolves. They are rare and undesirable in Havanese. Solid yellow eyes are also called « prey eyes » or « eagle eyes ». They don't look natural and should not be bred. Yellow eyes should not be confused with amber eyes that consist of darker and lighter shade of brown color.


Some examples of eyes and noses of chocolate Havanese:


The colour of the nose of a brown pigmented dog (bb) is brown. This can vary from dark to light brown. 

What counts for black pigmented dogs, also counts for brown pigmented dogs: if the coat colour around the nose is white the pigment of the nose (resp. black or brown) comes in later on, while the pigment is already present at birth if the coat colour around the nose is dark (black or brown).


puppy with white coat around nose

puppy with white coat around nose
puppy with dark (brown) coat around nose  


Chocolate Sable Havanese have generally a bit lighter eyes. Though, their nose can be very dark.


nose of chocolate sable Havanese

Nevena's Iliana/Destiny - photo NevenaMassivus Angel's Dalia Hanna - owned by Linda - photo KristineJulio mis Amores Pequenios - photo Kristine

J'Emilia del Paradiso di Cani - photo by Kristine

Jolie Siena del Paradiso di Cani - photo by Kristine

Remark
Colour perception depends on lighting conditions!!!
In other words:
eye and nose colour can vary depending on the light (while taking the picture
).

In case that a brown pigmented dog also carries two dilution genes (bbdd), they have an effect on both eye (lighter eyes) and nose colour (diluted brown). It doesn’t often occur in Havanese. It’s normal though in the Weimaraner breed.

 

CHOCOLATE is an ACCEPTED colour

On the occasion of its meeting end of November 2008 the FCI General Committee approved an explanatory and summary document titled Breeds with permitted genetically blue or brown colour as proposed by the FCI Standards Commission.Source

Several member countries have expressed appreciation over earlier explanations by Prof. Bernard Denis about the colour and have asked to have the breeds with a possibility for genetic blue or brown colour presented individually. This is the reason for the following attempt to clarify again the breeds that can carry the diluted blue colour and the brown colour. The blue and brown are not necessarily self-coloured and they can have tan markings.

Brown:(i.e. genetic liver brown, also called chocolate). Dogs with a genetic brown colour can never have a black nose and eye colour is usually hazelnut. The intensity of coat or skin colour can range from very pale when diluted (like in Weimaraner) to a deep purple brown (like in the Deutscher Wachtelhund or the Irish Water Spaniel). 
In breeds where the brown colour occurs, but where only a black nose is permitted, the conclusion is that the brown colour is not accepted in that breed.

Havenese: GROUP 9 : Brown colour : Bichon Havanais (250) e.a. Source

Source:
Circular 14/2009 of the FCI published 17/02/2009

Links:
http://www.fci.be/circulaires2009.aspx
http://www.fci.be/circulaires/14-2009.pdf
http://www.fci.be/circulaires/14-2009-annex.pdf

 

Breeding with chocolate / brown Havanese

Iliano del Paradiso di Cani - owned by Linda - photo KristineThe chocolate colour is still very rare in Havanese. This colour is recessive. This means that both parents must carry (or show) the brown pigment in order to produce chocolate coloured puppies.

Legenda:
* B = dominant gene : black 
* b = recessief gene : brown
* BB = black pigmented dog
* Bb = black pigmented dog, carrier of the brown pigment
* bb = brown pigmented dog
* black pigmented dog = dog with a black nose, etc.; the coat can have any colour except chocolate
* brown pigmented dog = dog with a brown nose, etc..; the coat is mostly chocolate, but can also occur in other colors, except black
* B and b = parent 1 (e.g. male)
* B and b = parent 2 (e.g. female)
* B and b = descendants (puppies)

Possible combinations :

° If both parents are black pigmented and both do not carry the brown gene (b), all puppies are black pigmented (BB).

 BB
BBBBB
BBBBB

° If both parents are black pigmented and only one of them carries the brown gene (b), all puppies are black pigmented. In theory 50% of the puppies are carriers of the brown pigment (Bb). 

 BB
BBBBB
bBbBb

° If both parents are black pigmented and both carry the brown gene (b), in theory 25% of the puppies are brown pigmented (bb) and in theory 50% of the puppies are carriers of the brown pigment (Bb). 

Sours: http://www.felici-animali.be/PdC_en_colours.htm
Havanese Puppies: Black \u0026 White Female

COLORS:

(BE SURE TO CLICK ON THE GALLERY TO THE LEFT AND ENLARGE AND VIEW PHOTO OF DESCRIPTIONS BELOW!)

BLACK: A solid colored dark black, with a glossy appearance, and without reddish or brown tones.  This color does not lighten.

BLACK & SILVER: A very specific layout of dark and light coat. Predominantly dark black coat overlaid with a silver color point pattern. Color points are laid out in the following pattern; lighter markings appear on the muzzle, eyebrows, underside of ears, cheeks, legs, chest and vent.  Color points may be any shade of silver.  Points that start out as shades of tan often lighten to shades of silver or creamy white as the dog matures.  These points will be seen without white trim.

BLACK & TAN: A very specific layout of dark and light coat. Predominantly dark black coat overlaid with a tan color point pattern. Color points are laid out in the following pattern; lighter markings appear on the muzzle, eyebrows, underside of ears, cheeks, legs, chest and vent.  Color points may be any shade of tan or gold.  These points will be seen without white trim.

CHOCOLATE: A chocolate dog will be born chocolate (brown).  A true chocolate will have liver or brown pigment, no black, on the nose, lips, and eye rims.  They may also have lighter brown, amber, or golden eyes. Chocolate coats can vary from milk chocolate to a darker chocolate color and some may turn silver.  Chocolate refers to the coat color and the pigment color.

CREAM: Ivory or creamy yellowish white like dairy cream or almonds, or a pale tawny yellow like champagne.  The color may be from light to deep intensity with yellow undertones.

FAWN:A cool color ranging from tan, beige and buff to light brown shades.

GOLD: A rich warm color in various shades of medium gold from honey to apricot with definite reddish highlights to the coat.  True Gold dogs retain much of their color throughout their lifetime, though the color may soften with age.

RED: A rich warm color similar to gold with deeper and more intense color, ranging from orange red to deep mahogany.

SILVER: Puppies are born black and start to lighten at about 4 to 6 weeks of age.  The coat will start turning silver at the roots and the color change will usually begin on the face and head.  As the dog matures the coat will lighten to varying shades of silver from pale platinum, sterling, and pewter to deep grey.  The coat change is complete at 12 to 15 months of age.  

WHITE: Pure crisp, bright, snow white from birth, no color allowed on any part of the dog including the ears.

IRISH PIED: Two color coat with over 50% of the coat being any color other than white. With specific coat pattern as follows; The underbelly and lower legs at least up to the elbows, and tail tip are white. There is also white on the chest up to the bottom of the chin, and a full or partial white collar or shawl around the neck. There may be a colored mask on the face. The coloring on the back appears as a large saddle or cape covering the shoulders, back and sides.  The top line is colored while the underline is always white.

Sours: https://royalflushhavanese.com/royal-flush-havanese-colors/

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