Taylormade adams

Taylormade adams DEFAULT


Hit high, long and consistent shots from any lie.

Exclusive TV Offer




For the golfer seeking distance and versatility in the long game.

View package details >>


For the player seeking to attack greens from afar.

View package details >>

Extra forgiveness, greater consistency... This club is for every golfer.

Tight Lies™ Features & Benefits

Real User Reviews

Tight Lies™ Technology Defined

  • Extended Face Technology The face has been expanded vertically by 7mm compared to the previous generation of Tight Lies, resulting in a 14% larger face area. This is designed to provide golfers with a larger hitting zone, a wider sweet spot and improved forgiveness.
  • Tri-Sole Design Paying homage to the iconic upside-down head shape of the original Tight Lies fairway wood, the Tri-Sole Design delivers versatility from any lie. When hitting from a compact fairway or the high rough, the sole delivers improved turf interaction by minimizing the sole area that contacts the ground.
  • Velocity Slot A slot on the sole of the club allows the face to flex and rebound efficiently. This results in fast ball speeds and improved launch on off-center strikes.
  • Components Tight Lies Fairway is equipped with the Aldila Synergy shaft, Golf Pride Tour Velvet grips and bonus head cover.

Precision From Every Angle

Specification Table

Men's Tight Lies Fairway 316°RH/LH59°43.25"D1
Men's Tight Lies Fairway 519°RH/LH59.5°42.25"D1
Women's Tight Lies Fairway 316°RH/LH59°42.00"C5
Women's Tight Lies Fairway 519°RH/LH59.5°41.00"C5

Precision From Every Angle

Specification Table

Men's Tight Lies Hybrid 320°RH/LH57°40.5"D1
Men's Tight Lies Hybrid 423°RH/LH57.5°40"D1
Men's Tight Lies Hybrid 526°RH/LH58°39.5"D1
Men's Tight Lies Hybrid 629°RH58.5°39"D1
Women's Tight Lies Hybrid 423°RH57.5°40"C6
Women's Tight Lies Hybrid 526°RH58°39.5"C6
Women's Tight Lies Hybrid 629°RH58.5°39"C6

Which Shaft Flex Do I Need?

Need help deciding which shaft flex is right for you? Select based on your driver distance or swing speed.

Flex ShaftAverage Clubhead SpeedAverage Driving Distance
Stiff95 - 110 MPH240 - 280 yards
Regular85 - 95 MPH210 - 240 yards
Senior75 - 85 MPH180 - 210 yards
Ladies< 75 MPH< 180 yards

Our recommendation by age:

18 - 34StiffFaster swing speeds require stiffer flex for improved control
34 - 44Stiff to RegularMedium to faster speeds can choose Regular for more distance, Stiff for more control
44 - 55RegularA Regular flex will provide a balance of distance and accuracy
55 - 65Regular to SeniorShaft with more flex can improve distance for medium to slower swing speeds
65+SeniorSlower swing speeds can see higher launch and more distance with Senior flex

How to select a club type.

Choosing between the 3-wood and 5-wood comes down to personal choice. As a general rule of thumb, a 3-wood with 16° of loft will travel farther than a 5-wood with 19° of loft. Because of the higher loft, the 5-wood is easier to strike confidently and the ball will get airborne faster. With Adams® Tight Lies™, both the 3- and 5-woods offer great performance. With the Velocity Slot, Tri Sole design and Extended Face Technology, you will be confident hitting either.

Fill out the form below toorder AdamsGolf™ Tight Lies™ now.

Placing an order from Canada? Click Here!

Get $30 Off Your Second Club!

Sours: https://www.adamsgolf.com/

Compare TaylorMade Golf Clubs vs. Adams Golf Clubs

TaylorMade and Adams are two of the leading names in golf equipment. Both produce highly respected clubs, trusted by weekend warriors and tour professionals alike. Adams focuses on creating club head speed throughout your bag to add distance.

TaylorMade allows you to adjust the lie and loft of some of their clubs to better suit your game. The philosophies have produced some of the most popular clubs on the market.


TaylorMade and Adams are two of the leading names in golf equipment. Both produce highly respected clubs, trusted by weekend warriors and tour professionals alike. Adams focuses on creating club head speed throughout your bag to add distance.

TaylorMade allows you to adjust the lie and loft of some of their clubs to better suit your game. The philosophies have produced some of the most popular clubs on the market.


TaylorMade has been the bestselling driver since 2000 and frequently releases new models. In 2010 alone, you can choose from the R9 SuperTri, R9 SuperDeep, Burner SuperFast and SuperFast TP. The R9 series features the company’s Movable Weight Technology and Flight Control Technology, allowing you to adjust the lie and loft of the driver and move weight around the club head.

Adams Golf has focused on increasing your swing speed with the Speedline series, which features deeper faces for more of a mid-launch and low spin combination. Adams believes a more aerodynamic club head can increase your swing speed 2 to 4 mph, resulting in 5 or more yards of carry distance.


TaylorMade released the Burner irons in 2009, and they quickly became the best selling irons in the world for their increased distance. Adams targets high handicap amateurs with its hybrids-iron sets. The Adams Idea a7 iron set comes with the 3i and 4i replacement hybrids, with traditional irons beginning at the 5i. In 2010, Adams introduced the Pro Black series, a forged design for better players seeking workability and pinpoint control with their irons.


Adams Golf made its name with hybrids and includes several designed specifically for your needs. The Idea a7 and Idea a7OS are designed for mid to high handicappers who struggle with long irons.

The Idea Pro Black features a smaller head built for better players seeking the control and distance of a hybrid but with a more penetrating ball flight. TaylorMade introduced the Raylor in 2010; the club’s ship's hull sole was designed to glide through the rough and reduce twisting in tight lies. The Rescue series hybrid features Flight Control Technology that allows you to match up your preferred ball flight with the layout of your home course.

Fairway Metals

Adams’ fairway metals are built to be more versatile than those of other brands. The Speedline FW features a thinner club face and a lower center of gravity to get the ball up in the air faster and land softer. The TaylorMade R9 series features the same Flight Control Technology as the drivers. The 2010 Burner SuperFast fairway metal features a longer shaft for more club head speed.

Sours: https://golftips.golfweek.usatoday.com/compare-taylormade-golf-clubs-vs-adams-golf-clubs-2424.html
  1. Lcm 18 30
  2. Oreillys gear oil
  3. 1d imagines tumblr

Adidas gets out of golf equipment, selling businesses for $425 million

May 10, 2017
  • Darren RovellESPN Senior Writer

    • ESPN.com's sports business reporter since 2012; previously at ESPN from 2000-06
    • Appears on SportsCenter, ESPN Radio, ESPN.com and with ABC News
    • Formerly worked as analyst at CNBC

Another power player has exited the golf equipment business, with Adidas announcing Wednesday it has agreed to sell its golf brands TaylorMade, Adams Golf and Ashworth to private equity firm KPS Capital Partners for $425 million.

Despite being loaded with stars on the course -- TaylorMade has Dustin Johnson, Jason Day, 2017 Masters winner Sergio Garcia and on Tuesday announced a long-term equipment deal with Rory McIlroy -- the retail golf equipment market has seriously suffered.

The brands' sale price is evidence of the fall of the golf equipment market. In 2012, Adidas golf brought in $1.7 billion in revenue. Four years later, total revenue was slightly above $500 million.

In August, Adidas' biggest competitor, Nike, decided to stop making golf equipment. A month later, nationwide golf retailer Golfsmith filed for bankruptcy.

Adidas will continue to use golfers to sell its clothing, as both Johnson and Garcia will continue to wear branded shoes and apparel. Day and McIlroy have shoe and apparel deals with Nike.

While the National Golf Foundation has cited recent positive signs -- first-time golfers reached a record high in 2016 (2.5 million) -- the sport has had a hard time retaining those who try it.

The fallout in the equipment business has its roots in the Great Recession, which resulted in companies and retailers discounting clubs in order to drive up purchases in a business where product turnover is part of the equation.

Adidas took over the TaylorMade brand in 1997 when it bought French equipment maker Salomon for $1.4 billion. The company bought Ashworth for $72.8 million in 2008 and Adams Golf in 2012 for $70 million.

© ESPN Enterprises, Inc. All rights reserved.
Sours: https://www.espn.com/golf/story/_/id/19351857/adidas-sells-golf-businesses-taylormade-adams-golf-ashworth-425-million
Interview with TaylorMade Part 6 - The Adams connection - How will it work?

Adams Golf

Adams Golf, Inc. was an American sports equipment manufacturing company based in Plano, Texas, focused on the golf equipment market. The company produced golf equipment (more specifically clubs). In 2012 it was acquired by TaylorMade (owned by Adidas), becoming one of its brands.[1]


In 1983, Barney Adams joined Dave Pelz Golf in Abilene, Texas. When Pelz's Preceptor Golf went bankrupt in 1988, Adams bought the assets and started Adams Golf. He moved the company to Dallas in 1991.

Adams Golf initially specialized in custom fitted golf clubs, initially becoming associated with Hank Haney setting up a club fitting and repair shop at the Hank Haney Golf Ranch.

Adams "Tight Lies" fairwaywood became a commercial success as the result of television infomercial, with sportscaster Jack Whittaker as the host and narrator; Haney, then Tiger Woods' coach; Bill Rogers, British Open winner and PGA Player of the Year in 1981; and LPGA Hall of Famer Carol Mann, as spokespersons.

In 1998, Adams Golf went public on Wall Street, with an initial public offering underwritten by Lehman Brothers. Barney Adams was selected as Manufacturing Entrepreneur of the Year by Ernst & Young in 1999.[3] Although semi-retired since 2000, Barney Adams retains the title Chairman of the Board until 2012.[4]

In 2012, Adams Golf was acquired by TaylorMade Golf (which was owned by Adidas by then) for USD 10.80 per share in cash (roughly 70 million). As a result, Adams was added to the corporation set of golf brands, such as Adidas Golf and TaylorMade–adidas Golf. TaylorMade assured that Adams' headquarters in Plano, Texas, would remain.[2] Nevertheless, by 2016 the Adams brand had lost market position, with some media considering it "an afterthought" at TaylorMade.[5]


Adams Golf has maintained endorsement deals with many professional golfers playing on the leading tours, including Bernhard Langer, Brittany Lincicome, Yani Tseng and Tom Watson.


External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_Golf

Adams taylormade

Why TaylorMade thought this was the perfect time to bring back the Tight Lies club

For aficionados of the Barney Adams brand of golf clubs that he remarkably built from scratch with infomercials back in the 1990s, it’s been a dry few years. TaylorMade acquired Adams Golf for $70 million in 2012, but that play wasn’t so much about furthering the Adams legacy, but rather acquiring some proprietary technology and eliminating a strong competitor.

TaylorMade has since come out with a few Adams Golf-labeled products—the last in 2015—but nothing that’s captured the admiration of those who fell in love with the rather homely, but very hittable original version of the Tight Lies fairway woods.

Anybody of a certain vintage can recall the Jack Whittaker-hosted infomercials that featured Open Championship winner Phil Rogers and LPGA Hall of Famer Carol Mann hawking the clubs. To probably even Adams' surprise, the Tight Lies following went well beyond weekend hacks, with the clubs becoming popular on the pro tours, especially among the seniors.

The folks at TaylorMade are always churning ideas, however, and it seemed something of a no-brainer that they’d one day revisit a remake of one of the most recognizable models in golf. That they chose to do it in 2020, with a direct-to-consumer campaign in the time of a worldwide pandemic and booming demand for clubs … well, that was just blind fate.

After months of teasing golfers with cryptic notices on social media, TaylorMade officially rolled out a campaign in mid-November for its newest version of the Tight Lies. The clubs, with the most notable change being a 14-percent larger face vertically, come in two lofts—16-degree 3-wood and 19-degree 5-wood—and are only available online, for $179 each, at an Adams Golf website TaylorMade specifically built for Tight Lies.

Harkening back to its modest roots, Tight Lies mini-informercials have begun popping up on Golf Channel, and we can expect to see more as the golf season heats up in the spring. Predictably, for a product with a fervent following, the response has already been what TaylorMade hoped for.

“I would say it’s at least met or exceeded our expectations,” John Gonsalves, vice president of direct-to-consumer and digital sales at TaylorMade, told Golf Digest. “We haven’t pushed any kind of media. We just wanted to get some stuff out and learn some things. The response has been really good. I’m very pleased, as is the company. We knew it was going to be well-received, with the word of mouth from golfers driving it.”

TaylorMade has been mulling for several years how it would next use the Adams brand. The more it looked at the Tight Lies, the clearer it became that it was the right way to go. The name itself differentiates it from anything at TaylorMade, and there was a sense that there are mid- to high- handicap golfers who are still searching for a sweet spot in their fairway woods.

“We only were going to do it with a product that we felt met a need, and that would differentiate itself from the TaylorMade side,” Gonsalves said. “There isn’t a great reason if this is going to be slightly different than a TaylorMade product and takes your focus away from that.

“We know there is a golfer who is looking for a premium, playable product that will help them be really consistent. This is maybe not going to give you the best TrackMan numbers, but that’s really not what this golfer is looking for. We know there is a need for a more playable, inviting product that is friendly to play.”

TaylorMade’s engineers went to work on improving what already was a landmark design. Barney Adams originally patented the Tri-Sole Design, whose upside-down shape helped with less resistance to grasses of all lengths while also lowering the center of gravity to launch the ball higher. It made the Tight Lies far more forgiving when hitting out of the rough. Later versions of the club used more of Adams’ proprietary work—a Velocity Slot—that made the clubface springier for more distance.

The most noticeable change to the latest version was making the clubface bigger, with TaylorMade asserting that the 14 percent it added to the vertical profile makes it more forgiving while still maintaining the lower CG.

At a time when brick-and-mortar golf stores are trying to keep up with demand, Gonsalves said Tight Lies was always destined for direct sales, even before COVID-19 struck. It is really the first large-production product that TaylorMade has taken to the market this way.

“[The pandemic] was just another layer on top of this,” Gonsalves said. “This was always the direction we were going to go. We didn’t want to build up infrastructure and distribution to put this into retail stores. We may or may not do that in the future. The idea there is to get the golfer interacting with the equipment in a different way.”

Golf can be a tricky platform for DTC because golfers want to feel a club in their hands, hear the sound it makes and see the ball flight. But Gonsalves said he can see the new model growing over time, like it has in so many other businesses.

“Direct-to-consumer has only accelerated over these last nine months,” Gonsalves said. “I’m a believer that the behavior is not going to go backwards. Once you’ve changed some behavior, it’s here to stay. I think it’s going to accelerate. Golfers are more comfortable buying product online. A huge portion of our business is still through the traditional channels, but we’re also embracing what we do digitally. And there’s an opportunity with this brand [Adams] to do things different from the TaylorMade side.”

Sours: https://www.golfdigest.com/story/return-of-the-tight-lies-fairway-woods-adams-golf-taylormade
TaylorMade/Adams Golf Equipment

What Happened To Adams Golf

Since the company has been quiet and there were rumors about TaylorMade taking it over, many people ask, “Does TaylorMade own Adams Golf?”

The answer is yes, the company does.

In 2012, TaylorMade bought all the outstanding shares of the brand for about $70 million which came out to $10.80 per share. Back then, TaylorMade’s parent company was Adidas, and the CEO of Adidas Group, Herbert Hainer played a large role in buying Adams Golf.

Technically Adams Golf isn’t in business as their own entity but they still operate with TaylorMade.

The company was quiet for five years from 2015-2020 but last year their social media team tweeted from their main accounting hinting that a comeback might be in the works.

Before their comeback, the last clubs that were released to the public were in April 2015 when their Red line of clubs and Blue line came out. They were designed more so for beginner golfers though.

Who makes Adams Golf clubs?

Now, TaylorMade, but before that, the company was founded by Barney Adams in 1991. Adams was helped by legendary teacher Dave Pelz. The company’s headquarters was located in Plano, Texas for many years.

Sours: https://golfible.com/what-happened-to-adams-golf/

Similar news:

Adams Golf – About to Make a Comeback?

Adams Golf is back!

Well, back insomuch as the Adams Golf Twitter account posted two tweets in a span of five days. That’s not prodigious by any measure but given that Adams hadn’t tweeted in nearly five years, the reemergence is notable.

Is Adams Golf poised to make a comeback?

Adams Golf Rewind

If you’ve forgotten about the Adams Golf brand, the summary goes like this …

Adams was the awesome little golf company that could, though, based on what sources told us about its financial situation, it couldn’t have much longer. And so, in 2012, TaylorMade purchased Adams Golf, its intellectual property and, for better or worse, its market share.

At the time, there were rumors that the acquisition was a means to resolve a patent dispute over the slot in the original Rocketballz. Whether that’s true doesn’t much matter anymore.

It is what it was. Bygones.

The Adams Golf Legacy

At the time of the acquisition, Adams wasn’t a massive retail player. It did OK in the iron category. It had a significant enough share of the metalwoods market to get TaylorMade’s attention. Its hybrids set the standard. The company enjoyed a solid run as the No. 1 hybrid on the PGA TOUR and it’s hard to argue there isn’t still some Adams influence in TaylorMade’s hybrid designs – and everybody else’s, too.

Everyone has a favorite Adams hybrid. If you don’t, we have nothing to talk about.

The Adams Golf Idea Pro a2 hybrid is my personal favorite.

From time to time, the company cranked out something special in the driver category (the 9064LS is a MyGolfspy Classic), and the iron line … just a steady stream of solid performers that spanned everything from the Hogan-esque blade-on-blade MB2 to functional SGI irons.

For a run, I’d argue Adams was as good as anyone and better than plenty. To this day, there exists a loyal cult following that would fight you to the death if you said otherwise.

The Beginning of the End

Not surprisingly, those same fans feared the worst when TaylorMade bought Adams … and the worst is exactly what we got. In its eight-plus years of ownership, the only thing of consequence TaylorMade has done with the Adams brand is to change the logo.

At the time of the acquisition, the assumption was that TaylorMade was more interested in the Adams intellectual property than anything else. That’s almost certainly true and, over the years, several purported Adams insiders who swear some of TaylorMade’s work in the years following the acquisition era was pulled from the Adams catalog.

All fair. They bought it. They own it.

On the retail side of things, TaylorMade never quite knew what to do with Adams. Team TaylorMade struggled to reconcile with the idea of a sister brand that had the potential to steal sales from a primary brand that was completely obsessed with its market share.

Back in Texas, the Adams designers hoped to continue making products for the better player but that was TaylorMade’s domain – nearly to the point of exclusivity. At the time, the TaylorMade was so focused on better golfers that a single-digit handicap was a prerequisite for most new hires.

The Adams Golf Blue driver was apologetically game improvement.

And Then Came Adams Blue

The particulars of the actual timeline are inconsequential. The wheel-spinning of the Adams brand felt like it went on forever until April of 2015 when the Adams launched the Blue line.


Blue was an unapologetic, almost over-the-top line of clubs aimed at the recreational golfer. It wasn’t at all what Adams fans wanted.

Sidebar: Adams previewed the line at the 2015 PGA Merchandise Show with the most amazingly honest golf commercial ever. It never aired and the copy we posted disappeared from YouTube, but trust me. IT WAS AWESOME.

Coinciding with the release of Blue was the Adams Red, a “last of its kind” innovative hybrid that carried the true Adams spirit. In retrospect, it was our parting gift.

Let’s all pause in remembrance.

The Adams Golf Red Hybrid was innovative. Too bad it was the last from the brand.

TaylorMade’s Adams Golf Plan

The upside was that there was finally a plan. TaylorMade would cater to serious golfers.  Adams was going to be the fun, recreational line that didn’t step on Big Brother’s toes.

In reality, Adams Blue never had a chance.

Before Blue even hit shelves, then TaylorMade CEO Ben Sharpe, “resigned for personal reasons.”

Semantics. He was fired. Some would say scapegoated.

The Adams plan was his and without his influence, support from within the company for the Adams brand faded.

The End of the End

There’s not much else to tell about Adams after that. When adidas sold TaylorMade to KPS Capital Partners, Adams and Ashworth were part of the deal. Neither has been heard from since. In fact, before the tweet flurry of the past week or so, the last we heard from the Adams Golf account was in November 2015.

Fittingly, it was an image of Bernhard Langer walking off into the sunset.

An Adams Golf Rebirth?

Fast forward to right about now and two tweets have given golf Twitter one hell of a double-rainbow moment. What does it all mean?

Is Adams coming back?

Hell if I know. TaylorMade isn’t saying but let’s consider some possibilities.

Sale Pending?

I could be way off but the way I see it, the Adams tweets mean one of three things.

Adams has been sold. This is tinfoil hat stuff but in a world where every “like” is interpreted as meaning something, the Dick’s Sporting Goods account liking an Adams tweet is a thing that makes you go hmm.

On the one hand, Dick’s buying Adams would make sense. Dick’s likes making money, golf is hot and, seriously, how much could the Adams brand cost nearly six years removed from its last product line?

Of course, sometimes a like is just a like. Dick’s has put considerable effort into revitalizing and re-legitimizing the Tommy Armour brand. So it strikes me as unlikely that DSG would bring in another house brand to compete with itself. That’s what TaylorMade did when it bought Adams and we know how that worked out.

3 Adams CB3 Irons

That’s not to say there aren’t other potential suitors. About a year and a half ago, I spoke to a man who earnestly believes the Adam brand still has legs and was actively trying to acquire it. As far as I know, that never went anywhere.

Maybe a deal is in the works. Probably not.

Hey, we still own Adams, right? – Some guy at TaylorMade (maybe)

Kicking Tires, Assessing Value, etc.

Dismissing the idea that somebody at Adams scheduled a pair of tweets five years in advance, the explanation could be as simple as routine tire-kicking at TaylorMade.

Things come up in meetings all the time. Maybe somebody remembered that TaylorMade owns Adams and decided to spend the cost of a couple of tweets to find out if anyone still cares.

Call it a light lifting exploration to determine if there should be a plan. Future TBD.

Execute Ben Sharpe’s Plan (five years after the fact)

The third option isn’t new – but the timing couldn’t be better.

My best guess (and it’s just that and nothing more) is that TaylorMade is thinking about revisiting Ben Sharpe’s original Adams plan.

Adams Golf could be poised to make a comeback as a brand exclusively in the SGI and beginner space. If you want to call that recreational or fun, that’s cool.

Fingers crossed for a vaccine but it doesn’t look like we’re going to be done with COVID any time soon. I hate to call it an upside but much of the golf world has benefited from COVID and if not much changes, the golf biz will likely stay hot. That means continued growth driven by first-time and lapsed golfers whose skills maybe aren’t as sharp as they were when the Adams Tight Lies was a thing.

The market is right for Adams Golf to return as the no-nonsense, easy-to-hit, “make golf fun”brand Sharpe envisioned.

No Innovation Necessary

Not for anything, there’s probably a folder full of designs at TaylorMade HQ that hasn’t been touched since Blue bit the dust. For the target golfer, a tweak here or there and those designs are likely every bit as relevant as they were in 2015.

It’s not a stretch to think somebody has given serious thought to bundling 14 of those designs together. That’s right; I’m putting my money on an Adams boxed set.

Yeah, that escalated quickly.

As one of my industry contacts joked last week, “The two things you can’t buy in Southern California right now are a boxed set of golf clubs and a mountain bike.”

And since I don’t expect TaylorMade/Adams to start making bikes anytime soon, a boxed set with a recognizable name, designed for the hottest segment of golf retail makes a ton of sense – especially if it allows the TaylorMade brand to socially distance itself from the stigma of the category.

When COVID blows over, there will still be money to be made in a category where simplicity is valued above all else. One club or 14, the money is still green.

Toss in an Ashworth shirt and you’ve got one hell of a deal!

An Adams Golf DHy Driving Hybrid

Adams is Never Coming Back

To reiterate, this is all speculative. And even if a pair of tweets somehow prove a signal that the Adams Golf brand has been revived, it’s unlikely it will ever truly be back.

The designers that made Adams great have scattered. TaylorMade owns all of the IP and it’s unlikely any of it is cutting-edge these days. In short, all that’s left of Adams is fond memories and a logo. Even that isn’t what it used to be.

All of that sucks but, in a way, that makes a new Adams Golf the perfect brand for 2020.

Tony Covey

Tony is the Editor of MyGolfSpy where his job is to bring fresh and innovative content to the site. In addition to his editorial responsibilities, he was instrumental in developing MyGolfSpy's data-driven testing methodologies and continues to sift through our data to find the insights that can help improve your game. Tony believes that golfers deserve to know what's real and what's not, and that means MyGolfSpy's equipment coverage must extend beyond the so-called facts as dictated by the same companies that created them. Most of all Tony believes in performance over hype and #PowerToThePlayer.

Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on Reddit Share via Email

Sours: https://mygolfspy.com/adams-golf-about-to-make-a-comeback/

511 512 513 514 515