For the third year in a row, Set the Schools Free has put together a one-page overview of public education within KCPS boundaries.
The purpose of this overview – and one of the broader goals of Set the Schools Free – isto make basic facts about our system of public schools more readily available. Because if we can build consensus around an objective set of facts we can have more informed and solutions-oriented conversations about the challenges facing public education within KCPS boundaries.
To see last year’s overview, click here.
2020 by the Numbers
Note: This enrollment analysis is based on the revised 2020 preliminary enrollment figures released by DESE in February 2020. These numbers replace the preliminary data released in January 2020. You can download the revised numbers at dese.mo.gov.
In 2019-20, there are 21 public school operators educating 26,941 K-12 students within KCPS boundaries.
KCPS remains our largest operator of public schools, with 32 schools serving 14,076 K-12 students. KCPS enrollment declined slightly between 2019 and 2020, from 14,287 to 14,076 students (-211 students). Lincoln Middle, a KCPS signature school and feeder to Lincoln College Prep High School, opened in its new building, serving 6-8th graders. Previously, the middle school was co-located in Lincoln High.
The number of public charter school operators decreased from 21 to 20. Two charter schools closed in Spring 2020: 1) Pathway Academy (academic performance); and 2) Kansas City Neighborhood Academy (low enrollment). In Fall 2020, a new charter school, the Kansas City Girls Preparatory Academy, opened with its first class of fifth-graders. It will eventually serve grades 5-12.
Collectively, Kansas City’s charter schools now serve 12,865 students. K-12 charter enrollment increased by 390 students – 3% overall – from 12,475 students in 2018-19.
Overall, K-12 public enrollment grew slightly between 2018-19 and 2019-20, from 26,762 students to 26,941 students in 2019-2020 (+179 students). Total public school enrollment has grown for six years in a row, driven by growth in charter enrollment.
Third-Grade Reading: An Academic Focal Point
I’ve included only one academic metric on this overview: third-grade reading proficiency. As I’ve written before, third-grade reading is foundational. Low-third grade literacy effectively puts a ceiling on what our schools are able to achieve academically: third-graders who can’t read in third-grade continue onto fourth grade, and then fifth, and sixth…..absent some meaningful intervention, students don’t show up the next year knowing how to read.
According to 2019-20 MAP scores, 25% of third-graders within KCPS boundaries read on grade level; the Missouri state average is 49%.
Of the 43 KCPS and charter elementary schools operating within KCPS boundaries, only five schools had third-grade reading proficiency at or above the state average. 11 of 43 schools- 1 of 4 – have 3rd-grade reading proficiency of 10% or lower.
Enrollment & Demographics by School Type
In previous years I’ve broken out K-12 enrollment by school type (KCPS Neighborhood, Signature, Public Charter) to understand the overall percentage of students attending choice-based schools. To facilitate a better understanding of the different student populations served by each type of school, this year Set the Schools Free also analyzed student demographics by school type.
For background, there are three different types of public schools within KCPS boundaries.
- KCPS Neighborhood: Operated by KCPS. Guaranteed seat based on where you live
- KCPS Signature: Operated by KCPS. Application-based enrollment + admissions requirements. Theme-based.
- Public Charter: Operate independently of KCPS. Application-based enrollment.
Of these three school types, KCPS neighborhood schools are the only schools that don’t have application-based enrollment. Signature Schools are the most selective, withattendance, discipline and, in some cases, testing requirements. (If you’re interested in learning more about the history of signature (magnet) schools in St. Louis and Kansas City Public Schools, read this blog post from St. Louis University’s PRIME Center.)
Note: When we look at demographics by school type, it’s important to remember that there can be significant variation among and between different types of schools with respect to the students they serve; there are charter schools, for example, with student demographics similar to the highest-needs KCPS neighborhood schools. Similarly there are KCPS neighborhood schools whose demographics more closely match KCPS signature schools. If you’re interested in analyzing schools by different student demographics, the Set the Schools Freestudent-level diversity table is a useful tool.
Enrollment by School Type
Within KCPS boundaries, more students attend independent public charters (12,865) than any other type of public school. There are more than three times the number of students in charter schools (12,865) as there are in KCPS signature schools (3,666).
Signature schools make up 26% of all KCPS enrollment.
When you combine charter and signature enrollment – 62% of K-12 public school students attend “schools of choice” – schools that require an application to enroll.
Demographics by School Type
Collectively, KCPS neighborhood schools have the highest concentration of At-Risk, English Language Learners (ELL) and Special Needs students of all school types.
Compared to neighborhood schools, KCPS signature schools are, on a percentage basis, Whiter and less Black. They have a significantly lower percentage of At-Risk students (you can read more about this At-Risk classification, and its strengths and weaknesses as a proxy for student need, here; note that “At-Risk” percentages for KCPS Neighborhood and signature schools are slightly inflated because they include pre-K enrollment; for charter schools they are slightly lower). Signature schools also have a lower percentage of both ELL and IEP students than neighborhood schools.
How do signature school demographics compare to public charter schools? Both are application-based and, overall, their demographics are fairly similar – on a percentage basis public charter schools have more Black and ELL students. They have a similar percentage of IEP students; the percentage of At-Risk students in charters is slightly lower.
But it’s important to understand some of the other differences between these two types of schools. Similar to signature schools, enrollment in charters is capped – once enrollment targets are met, students are put on waiting lists.
Unlike signature schools, charter schools aren’t selective enrollment – for example, there are no “test-in” charter schools (Lincoln College Prep Middle and High School are two KCPS signature schools with testing requirements). Nor do charter schools have discipline and attendance requirements. But, similar to signature schools, there are a few charter schools that, because of their curricular programs, don’t backfill after particular grades – Academie Lafayette, a French Immersion school, doesn’t backfill after 1st grade unless students have French language proficiency; the Kauffman School, a college prep charter, doesn’t backfill in the upper grades).
Although charter schools, unlike KCPS schools, aren’t required by law to provide student transportation, 85% of all charter schools provide transportation. The only schools that don’t provide transportation are: Brookside Charter, Citizens of the World, DeLaSalle, and Scuola Vita Nuova.
Enrollment Trends Over Time
This enrollment graph, which shows enrollment broken down by school sector over the last 20 years, shows how our public education landscape has changed over time. It was also the first graph I used when I launched Set the Schools Free in March 2016.
Key take-away, both then and now: public education within KCPS boundaries continues to change!
Enrollment in public charter schools has grown steadily since 2000, and KCPS enrollment has declined. We’ll soon approach the tipping point, where there will be more students in public charters than in the KCPS system overall – and more students will attend public charters than any other type of public school.
This shift away from traditional neighborhood-based enrollment toward independent, autonomous public schools requires us to re-think the systems and structures that support public education in KC, from how we apply to schools, to how our schools our funded, to how we hold them accountable. Future posts will explore these topics in more depth.
KC Charter School Purchases Former Bowling Alley
Published March 30th, 2016 at 3:10 PM
A Kansas City, Missouri, charter school that teaches core content through the arts plans to make a former bowling alley its new home.
The Academy for Integrated Arts (AFIA) said Tuesday that it has purchased a roughly 40,000-square foot building at 7910 Troost Ave., built in 1955 to house King Louie East. AFIA is an elementary school that opened in 2012.
The building is vacant now, according to board President Lynne Brown.
AFIA purchased the building and grounds for $350,000, and the school is in the midst of a $5 million capital campaign for initial renovations. The school is about 60 percent of the way toward the goal, and Brown said there will be additional funding needs beyond just getting ready for the 2016-17 school year.
AFIA received its state charter in 2010, and finding space proved challenging, before the school settled into its current location at 5604 Troost. The new building is more than three times larger than the current space, which was never intended to be a permanent home, said Principal Tricia DeGraff.
AFIA plans to add sixth grade this year, which will boost its projected enrollment to 160 students. The school ultimately projects a total enrollment of about 350 students.
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Tags: charter schools • education
Below is a list of past honorees of the various nutrition research awards that the American Feed Industry Association offers in cooperation with other universities and associations are below.
AFIA - American Dairy Science Association Nutrition Research Award
|2018||I. J. Lean|
|2013||M. J. VandeHaar|
|2010||M. E. Van Amburgh|
|2009||L. Kung, Jr.|
|2008||C. R. Staples|
|2007||E. J. DePeters|
|2006||M. S. Allen|
|2004||L. E. Armentano|
|2003||D. R. Mertens|
|2002||J. K. Drackley|
|2001||W. P. Weiss|
|2000||G. A. Varga|
|1998||J. P. Goff|
|1997||G. A. Broderick|
|1996||R. A. Erdman|
|1995||R. R. Grummer|
|1994||W. W. Hoover|
|1993||J. B. Russell|
|1992||D. L. Palmquist|
|1991||M. D. Stern|
|1990||C. E. Coppock|
|1989||D. J. Schingoethe|
|1988||C. E. Polan|
|1987||J. W. Young|
|1986||C. J. Sniffen|
|1985||D. C. Beitz|
|1984||H. F. Tyrrell|
|1983||R. L. Horst|
|1982||D. E. Bauman|
|1981||W. V. Chalupa|
|1980||J. H. Clark|
|1979||C. A. Baile|
|1978||N. A. Jorgensen|
|1977||L. D. Satter|
|1976||D. R. Waldo|
|1975||P. W. Moe|
|1974||R. W. Hemken|
|1973||L. H. Schultz|
|1972||A. D. McGilliard|
|1971||C. L. Davis|
|1970||R. L. Baldwin|
|1968||J. T. Huber|
|1967||P. J. Van Soest|
|1966||B. R. Baumgardt|
|1965||W. P. Flatt|
|1964||D. R. Jacobson|
|1963||W. J. Miller|
|1962||J. W. Hibbs|
|1961||R. S. Emery|
|1960||W. A. Hardison|
|1959||H. R. Conrad|
|1958||C. A. Lassiter|
|1957||E. E. Bartley|
|1956||J. C. Shaw|
|1955||R. S. Allen|
|1955||N. L. Jacobson|
|1954||C. F. Huffman|
|1953||J. W. Thomas|
|1952||H. D. Eaton|
|1951||T. W. Gullickson|
|1950||J. T. Reid|
|1949||T. S. Sutton|
|1948||G. H. Wise|
AFIA – Federation of Animal Sciences New Frontiers in Animal Nutrition Award
|2021||M. Tokach, Kansas State University|
|2020||L. Tedeschi, Texas A&M University|
|2019||J. Spears, North Carolina State University|
|2018||R. L. Horst, Heartland Assays, LLC|
|2017||X. Lei, Cornell University|
|2016||D. Mahan, The Ohio State University|
|2015||J. Patience, Iowa State University|
|2014||J. Odle, North Carolina State University|
|2013||M. Galyean, Texas Tech University|
|2012||T. Klopfenstein, University of Nebraska|
|2011||G. Fahey, Jr., University of Illinois|
|2010||G. Hartnell, Monsanto|
|2009||G. Wu, Texas A&M University|
|2005||J. H. Clark, University of Illinois|
|2004||D. E. Bauman, Cornell University|
|2008||D. L. Palmquist, The Ohio State University|
|2006||D. H. Baker, University of Illinois|
|2007||G. L. Cromwell, University of Kentucky|
|2005||J. Clark, University of Illinois|
|2004||D. Bauman, Cornell University|
AFIA – American Society of Animal Science (ASAS) Award in Nonruminant Nutrition Research
|2021||E. van Heugten, North Carolina State University|
|2020||M. Nyachoti, University of Manitoba|
|2019||R. Goodband, Kansas State University|
|2018||R. Zijlstra, University of Alberta, Canada|
|2017||S. W. Kim, North Carolina State University|
|2016||D. Boyd, The Hanor Company, Inc.|
|2015||M. Tokach, Kansas State University|
|2014||G. Shurson, University of Minnesota|
|2013||F. Dunshea, University of Melbourne, Australia|
|2012||C. F. M. de Lange, University of Guelph, Canada|
|2011||B. J. Kerr, U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service|
|2010||H. Stein, University of Illinois|
|2009||C. V. Maxwell, University of Arkansas|
|2008||J. F. Patience, Prairie Swine Centre, Inc.|
|2007||O. Adeola, Purdue University|
|2006||G. M. Hill, Michigan State University|
|2005||X. Lei, Cornell University|
|2003||J. Odle, North Carolina State University|
|2002||G. L. Allee, University of Missouri|
|2001||M. D. Lindemann, University of Kentucky|
|2000||J. Noblet, INRA, France|
|1999||M. W. Verstegen, Wageningen Agricultural University|
|1998||L. M. Lawrence, University of Kentucky|
|1997||L. L. Southern, Louisiana State University|
|1996||R. C. Ewan, Iowa State University|
|1995||J. E. Pettigrew, University of Minnesota|
|1994||W. C. Sauer, University of Alberta|
|1993||J. T. Yen, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center|
|1992||R. A. Easter, University of Illinois|
|1991||N. J. Benevenga, University of Wisconsin|
|1990||T. S. Stahly, University of Kentucky|
|1989||V. C. Speer, Iowa State University|
AFIA – ASAS Award in Ruminant Nutrition Research
|2021||L. Baumgard, Iowa State University|
|2020||T. Engle, Colorado State University|
|2019||K. Swanson, North Dakota State University|
|2018||J. Loor, University of Illinois|
|2017||L. O. Tedeschi, Texas A&M University|
|2016||C. Krehbiel, Oklahoma State University|
|2015||G. Erickson, University of Nebraska|
|2014||E. Kebreab, University of California, Davis|
|2013||J. Drouillard, Kansas State University|
|2012||N. A. Cole, USDA’s Agricultural Research Service|
|2011||A. L. Goetsch, Langston University|
|2010||T. A. McAllister, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada|
|2009||H. C. Freetly, USDA’s Agricultural Research Service|
|2008||M. D. Stern, University of Minnesota|
|2007||E. C. Titgemeyer, Kansas State University|
|2006||M. S. Kerley, University of Missouri|
|2005||J. B. Russell, USDA, Cornell University|
|2004||J. Caton, North Dakota State University|
|2003||C. K. Reynolds, The Ohio State University|
|2002||J. J. Kennelly, University of Alberta, Canada|
|2001||S. C. Loerch, The Ohio State University|
|2000||R. A. Zinn, University of California|
|1999||M. L. Galyean, Texas Tech University|
|1998||D. L. Harmon, University of Kentucky|
|1997||N. R. Merchen, University of Illinois|
|1996||M. Hidiroglou, Canada|
|1995||J. W. Spears, North Carolina State University|
|1993||L. R. McDowell, University of Florida|
|1992||L. L. Berger, University of Illinois|
|1991||G. B. Huntington, USDA’s Agricultural Research Service|
|1990||G. C. Fahey Jr., University of Illinois|
|1989||C. L. Ferrell, USDA, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center|
AFIA – ASAS Award in Nutrition Research
This award was discontinued in 1988. Now, the award is offered as two awards – one for ruminant and one for nonruminant nutrition.
|1988||A. J. Lewis, University of Nebraska|
|1987||D. C. Mahan, The Ohio State University|
|1986||F. N. Owens, Oklahoma State University|
|1985||G. L. Cromwell, University of Kentucky|
|1984||H. F. Hintz, Cornell University|
|1983||P. J. Van Soest, Cornell University|
|1982||E. T. Kornegay, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University|
|1981||T. J. Klopfenstein, University of Nebraska|
|1980||T. W. Perry, Purdue University|
|1979||W. B. Bergen, Michigan State University|
|1978||E. E. Hatfield, University of Illinois|
|1977||C. B. Ammerman, University of Florida|
|1976||W. H. Pfander, University of Missouri|
|1975||W. N. Garrett, University of California|
|1974||V. W. Hays, University of Kentucky|
|1972||R. J. Meade, University of Minnesota|
|1971||R. R. Oltjen, U.S. Department of Agriculture|
|1970||A. L. Pope, University of Wisconsin|
|1969||W. G. Pond, Cornell University|
|1968||J. P. Fontenot, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University|
|1967||D. E. Ullrey, Michigan State University|
|1966||S. L. Hansard, University of Tennessee|
|1965||E. R. Miller, Michigan State University|
|1964||G. Matrone, North Carolina State University|
|1963||G. P. Lofgreen, University of California|
|1962||H. D. Wallace, University of Florida|
|1961||J. H. Meyer, University of California|
|1960||B. C. Johnson, University of Illinois|
|1959||A. D. Tillman, Oklahoma State University|
|1958||O. G. Bentley, The Ohio State University|
|1957||D. E. Becker, University of Illinois|
|1956||R. W. Luecke, Michigan State University|
|1955||L. E. Hanson, University of Minnesota|
|1954||W. Burroughs, Iowa State University|
|1953||D. V. Catron, Iowa State University|
|1952||W. M. Beeson, Purdue University|
|1951||L. E. Harris, Utah State University|
|1950||J. K. Loosli, Cornell University|
|1949||J. L. Krider, University of Illinois|
|1948||E. W. Crampton, MacDonald College, Canada|
AFIA – Equine Science Society Award in Equine Nutrition Research
This award was not given in 2007, 2009, 2011 or 2018.
AFIA – Poultry Science Association Poultry Nutrition Award
|2020||W. K. Kim|
|2016||A. J. Cowieson|
|2014||J. S. Moritz|
|2012||W. A. Dozier III|
|2010||L. L. Southern|
|2009||T. J. Applegate|
|2008||D. R. Korver|
|2007||C. R. Angel|
|2006||S. L. Noll|
|2003||J. B. Hess|
|2001||K. C. Klasing|
|2000||S. E. Scheideler|
|1999||N. M. Dale|
|1998||M. S. Lilburn|
|1997||R. C. Elkin|
|1996||R. W. Rosebrough|
|1995||T. W. Sullivan|
|1994||C. N. Coon|
|1993||H. L. Classen|
|1992||D. A. Roland Sr.|
|1990||C. M. Parsons|
|1989||G. M. Pesti|
|1988||T. S. Nelson|
|1987||H. W. Hulan|
|1986||D. H. Baker|
|1985||J. C. Rogler|
|1983||E. T. Moran Jr.|
|1982||L. W. Potter|
|1980||R. M. Leach Jr.|
|1979||I. R. Sibbald|
|1977||J. H. Soares|
|1976||W. E. Donaldson|
|1975||W. R. Featherston|
|1974||S. L. Balloun|
|1972||P. N. Vohra|
|1971||P. E. Waibel|
|1970||J. D. Summers|
|1969||B. E. March|
|1968||P. W. Waldroup|
|1967||B. L. O’Dell|
|1966||L. S. Jensen|
|1965||R. H. Harms|
|1964||M. C. Nesheim|
|1963||G. H. Hill|
|1962||H. M. Edwards Jr.|
|1961||M. L. Sunde|
|1960||F. H. Kratzer|
|1958||F. W. Hill|
|1957||L. D. Matterson|
|1956||S. J. Slinger|
|1955||H. M. Scott|
|1954||E. P. Singsen|
|1953||G. F. Combs|
|1952||M. L. Scott|
|1951||J. R. Couch|
|1950||W. W. Cravens|
|1949||J. P. McGinnis|
|1948||H. R. Bird|
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Continuing to imprint his brother into the mattress, he leaned over to Dean and kissed him. Dean grabbed Sam's back in a death grip, leaving crescents of scratches on it. Dean, he whispered in his brother's ear, between frantic kisses - I love you !!. I love more than life… Sam, feeling that Dean would soon finish, pulled him closer to him, and forced him to wrap his legs around him.
Sam's movements became deeper and sharper, from which Dean could no longer restrain himself, yelling out loud.Sista Afia - Party ft. Fameye (Official Video)
Having decided that the last days in Italy should be taken off in full, I put my hands on his chest and we begin to kiss. Passionately. His tongue is divinely gentle, he makes incredible feints in my mouth, and I flow more and more. My ground heaves at his touch and my pussy burns. His hand touches my crotch and I start moaning like a bitch.
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Aunt kissed my forehead: Calm, calm, everything is in place. The main thing is that I will love you even more. I cooled down a little, gratefully licked her hand with a dry tongue. I was terribly thirsty. Three days later, during which I was tied and slept almost all the time, in the morning of a.